By Dominique Sportiche
This assortment brings jointly a few of Dominique Sportiche's top paintings, together with essays which are released the following for the 1st time.
The articles talk about the structure of syntax in usual languages and Sportiche means that languages don't fluctuate in any respect of their syntactic association. This view takes form throughout the research of quite a few syntactic configurations and essays study what it capability to be a topic, how Case marking capabilities, the way it pertains to contract, and the way Pronominal Clitic buildings may be analyzed.
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Extra resources for Partitions and Atoms of Clause Structure: Subjects, Agreement, Case and Clitics
33 We can therefore transpose this treatment of passive nominals to VPs and reestablish the lost parallelism: in passives, a theta-role otherwise assigned to an object is assigned to the (Spec, VP) position. 34 Since there are no postverbal traces in a regular passive, floating Qs cannot appear postverbally. Note that in Exceptional Case Marking passives a postverbal Q is possible: They were believed all to have left at the same time. In this case the position of the postverbal NP is unaffected by the passive morphology since it is not theta-marked by the main verb.
2 The pre-Infl position The position marked # raises another question. Such a position does not tolerate Q in French, but it does in English in tensed clauses. ) No obvious uniform treatment is available here. Let us speculate and examine where our assumptions would take us. In a sentence containing a floating Q in this position, (25)[NP^ The children] all [I′[I will] leave]. our proposal would minimally lead us to postulate that all immediately precedes an empty NP, call it NP*. What can NP* be?
It is clear that, a priori, no real argument can be constructed on the basis of this observation against the present proposal, or for that matter against any proposal embedded in a theory taking S-Structure representations as input for interpretive rules: a movement analysis yields richer structures than a base-generation analysis, because of the additional presence of traces. If the base analysis is sufficient to account for this kind of scope facts, it is always possible to claim that, under the movement analysis, these scope properties ignore NP-traces—that is, that they function as if the structures were base-generated.