The North Atlantic (NORA) quarter is a transnational quarter comprising the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, and the coastal counties of Norway. those territories are associated by means of shared features and demanding situations, in addition to via ancient, institutional and cultural hyperlinks. enhancing accessibility to the area, making sure sustainable improvement of its fisheries, enlarging and diversifying its monetary base, and assembly the demanding situations of weather switch are key concerns. bolstered nearby co-operation can assist those territories deal with them by way of changing knowledge and top practices, pooling assets and attaining economies of scale, enhancing the potency of public zone provision, and lengthening the voice of the region. notwithstanding, transnational co-operation within the NORA zone faces a few obstacles, because it contains territories that compete of their major monetary actions, are separated via huge distances, and feature powerful institutional and financial hyperlinks with different international locations and areas. as a way to get the main from transnational co-operation, this record recommends that the NORA territories: concentration co-operation efforts on particular topics and concerns; draw up a local improvement method; advertise better information of some great benefits of co-operation; advance a variable geometry method of neighborhood co-operation; and amplify and refine the position of the NORA establishment as a facilitator of co-operation.Table of content material : evaluate and RecommendationsChapter 1. significant traits, demanding situations and strengths of the NORA region-Introduction: defining the unit of study -1.1. significant socio-economic tendencies -1.2. major demanding situations for the region-Conclusions-Annex 1.A1 bankruptcy 2. regulations helping a sustainable, aggressive economic system within the NORA region-Introduction -2.1. Addressing the peripherality problem -2.2. the way forward for the fishing -2.3. financial diversification and innovation within the NORA zone -2.4. assembly the weather swap problem -Conclusions bankruptcy three. Governance and co-operation within the NORA region-Introduction-3.1. Territorial co-operation: an ongoing truth within the NORA quarter -3.2. merits and demanding situations of territorial co-operation-3.3. possibilities for co-operation -3.4. Maximising the contribution of territorial co-operation in the NORA zone -Conclusions
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Extra info for OECD Territorial Reviews: NORA Region 2011. The Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland and Coastal Norway
Nonetheless, from 2004 to 2007 net migration flows were negative. The case of Iceland is different: both natural increase and positive net immigration rates produced constant increases in population during 1998-2008. In this period Iceland had one of the highest average annual population increases among OECD countries. The increase in the population of coastal Norway reflects growth in the southern counties of Rogaland, Hordaland and Sør Trondelag, with a combination of natural growth and both internal and external migration.
12 …but global competition, declining fish stocks and climate change raise serious challenges The historical position of the NORA region has been severely affected by global competition from other parts of the world. This has occurred in a context of declining fish stocks and problems related to climate change. 1% of world catches in 1951. 13 OECD TERRITORIAL REVIEWS: NORA REGION © OECD 2011 1. 5. Employment in fisheries, NORA region, 2005 Source: Nordregio (c) Nordregio, 2010. se, Fish farming appeared as an important alternative With the decline in marine fish stocks, fish farming was viewed as an important complement to traditional fishing in the NORA region.
4. Cruise tourism in the NORA region Accessibility to the NORA region from the sea creates a clear opportunity for cruise tourism. Cruise tourism in the Arctic has been limited owing to problems of accessibility for some sea routes. Climate change and the consequent reduction of sea ice, however, have opened up new possibilities. While other regions in the North, such as Alaska, have known cruise tourism for decades, the NORA region has been rather slow to promote this sector. The reasons are mainly related to the high cost of transport and maintaining an infrastructure, combined with a short tourist season that is dependent on favourable weather conditions.