Urban Planning Development

OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011 by OECD

By OECD

Rural England performs an important function within the financial system of the uk, yet an excellent higher social and cultural position. And it truly is certain between OECD areas, in that it truly is geographically compact, with rural population in general not more than a part hours force from an city sector. there's therefore an enormous volume of interplay among rural and concrete populations in England. Englands rural inhabitants is, on typical, doing larger than the city inhabitants throughout a wide diversity of socio-economic signs. however, rural England can be being affected by wallet of poverty and social exclusion, problems in holding entry to top quality public providers, an aging inhabitants, and, most significantly, a frequent scarcity of reasonable housing. the govt has followed mainstreaming as its rural coverage process. the target of mainstreaming is to make sure that humans in rural England have entry to a similar guidelines and programmes as these on hand in city England. whereas mainstreaming is an enticing coverage strategy, specially in a rustic with powerful rural-urban interactions corresponding to England, it has proved tough to enforce for various purposes. This document examines the mainstreaming coverage reaction as utilized to rural England and indicates how you can elevate its effectiveness. The document will curiosity lecturers and coverage makers alike because it encompasses a dialogue on governance buildings and decentralisation; providing public prone; monetary improvement; and the significance of bettering connectivity within the context of rural areas.  whereas the focal point is on rural England, different OECD member international locations also will enjoy the insights provided.Table of content material :ForewordAcronyms and AbbreviationsAssessment and RecommendationsIntroductionChapter 1. Profile of Rural England-Key points-""Rural"" is diverse in England-Rural England is growing to be and higher off-Rural England has stable socio-economic indicators-There isn't any ""distinct""rural economic climate in England-Five ""key"" secors shape the middle of the agricultural economy""-Summary-Annex 1.A1. extra Tables and FiguresChapter 2. England's Rural coverage and Governance Mechanisms-Key points-Introduction-The evolution of rural coverage in England-The various parts of rural coverage in England-Mainstreaming rural on the sub-national leel: actors and mechanisms-England's rural monetary network-Housing coverage and spatial making plans in rural England-Summary-Annex 2.A1. Additional BoxesChapter three. overview of England's Rural Policy-Key points-Introduction-The New Rural Paradigm deals a framework for reading rural coverage in England-The demanding situations in mainstreaming rural-Strengthening rural proofing-Improving the proof base, strengthening the case for rural policy-Decentralisation in England-There is room to additional raise the visibility of the agricultural voice-Housing coverage and rural England-Service supply - the demanding situations and possibilities in rural England-Linkages among English coverage and european policy-SummaryChapter 4. Policy innovations for Rural England-Key points-Introduction-Developing extra effecitve governance structures-Enhancing mainstreaming-Introducing rural to nearby cities-Ensuring equitable entry to services-Strengthening the rural economy-Expanding connectiveity-SummaryBibliography?‰valuation et recommandations

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Extra resources for OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011

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The result of this is that successful places everywhere are connected to each other and that places that are not well connected are not successful. Networks within rural areas are inherently less dense than in urban places, because there are fewer individuals and firms. However, rural areas rely on these networks both for internal linkages and for connection to the outside world. Because they are more limited, there is less redundancy and any break in a rural network can have far greater consequences than a similar break in an urban place where duplicate connections exist.

In other OECD countries where large shares of the rural population are found in predominantly rural regions, public services have to be delivered at the point of residence because travel costs are so high. In England, where the vast majority of the rural population lives in peri-urban regions, it is often possible to combine urban and peri-urban demand into common service locations, making for a more efficient scale of service delivery. However, to ensure that rural people receive adequate access, some care has to be taken in determining appropriate locations for services, co-ordination of operating hours with local bus schedules and co-locating services so that multiple activities can take place on a single trip.

But there are also important lessons for other OECD countries, as they begin to recognise that the scope of their rural policy has to be extended from only predominantly rural regions into intermediate and predominantly urban regions as well. In particular, the regional city approach and the integration of public services may be useful models for other countries. 38 OECD RURAL POLICY REVIEWS: ENGLAND, UNITED KINGDOM 2011 © OECD 2011 OECD Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom 2011 © OECD 2011 Introduction T his Rural Policy Review of England is part of the ongoing work activity of the Rural Policy Programme of the OECD.

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