Microelectronics

Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip by Santanu Kundu, Santanu Chattopadhyay

By Santanu Kundu, Santanu Chattopadhyay

Addresses the demanding situations linked to System-on-Chip Integration

Network-on-Chip: the following iteration of System-on-Chip Integration examines the present concerns limiting chip-on-chip communique potency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising replacement that equips designers with the potential to supply a scalable, reusable, and high-performance conversation spine via making an allowance for the mixing of a big variety of cores on a unmarried system-on-chip (SoC). This ebook presents a simple review of subject matters linked to NoC-based layout: verbal exchange infrastructure layout, verbal exchange technique, review framework, and mapping of functions onto NoC. It info the layout and review of alternative proposed NoC constructions, low-power options, sign integrity and reliability concerns, software mapping, trying out, and destiny trends.

Utilizing examples of chips which have been carried out in and academia, this article provides the total architectural layout of elements demonstrated via implementation in business CAD instruments. It describes NoC study and advancements, comprises theoretical proofs strengthening the research methods, and contains algorithms utilized in NoC layout and synthesis. additionally, it considers different upcoming NoC concerns, similar to low-power NoC layout, sign integrity matters, NoC checking out, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3D NoC layout.

This textual content includes 12 chapters and covers:

  • The evolution of NoC from SoC—its examine and developmental challenges
  • NoC protocols, elaborating move regulate, to be had community topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service aid, and the layout of community interfaces
  • The router layout options in NoCs
  • The assessment mechanism of NoC architectures
  • The program mapping thoughts in NoCs
  • Low-power layout options in particular in NoCs
  • The sign integrity and reliability problems with NoC
  • The information of NoC trying out recommendations mentioned so far
  • The challenge of synthesizing application-specific NoCs
  • Reconfigurable NoC layout issues
  • Direction of destiny learn and improvement within the box of NoC

Network-on-Chip: the subsequent new release of System-on-Chip Integration covers the elemental subject matters, expertise, and destiny tendencies proper to NoC-based layout, and will be utilized by engineers, scholars, and researchers and different execs drawn to computing device structure, embedded structures, and parallel/distributed systems.

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Additional info for Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration

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This logic handles the offset among the original and delayed clocks, thus realigning the timing of DATA and VALID wires; this incurs a one-cycle latency penalty. The corresponding hardware was implemented by Tamhankar et al. (2005). However, T-Error lacks a really thorough fault handling in a real-time system operating in a noisy environment. 26) is used for detection and retransmission purposes. While flits are sent on a link, a copy is kept locally at the sender. When flits are received, either an ACK or a NACK is sent back.

Are created when reception of a request on the slave side is coupled to the ­generation of a request on the master side. This occurs when IP modules process a certain input that is sent to them by the preceding module and then write their output to the succeeding module. In such protocols, an initial request passes through a number of intermediate IPs, generating new requests until the final destination is reached. Potentially, a response is travelling in the other direction, creating response–response dependencies on the way back.

However, CL of that node is equal to k. As the cores are attached only at the leaf level, the CL fields of the destination router are always zero. According to step 2 of the algorithm, the packet will follow that path where CL is gradually decreasing to zero, having RN same as destination. Therefore, the packet will traverse k hops in downward direction through a column tree. Thus, the packet will traverse a total of 2k hops and will reach a node having RN and CL fields same as those of destination.

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