Grammar

Negative Contexts: Collocation, Polarity and Multiple by Ton van der Wouden

By Ton van der Wouden

This learn emphasizes semantic, syntactic and pragmatic issues illustrating a big selection of linguistic ways. Written from in the theoretical framework of Generalized Quantifiers, the 3 major components thought of are collocations, polarity goods and a number of negations.

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Additional info for Negative Contexts: Collocation, Polarity and Multiple Negation (Routledge Studies in Germanic Linguistics)

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C. d. e. To sleep like a log To cry one’s eyes out To talk a blue streak He lied in his teeth, In the dead of night 23 Cf. also van der Wouden 1992 and Everaert 1993. 22 Part I: Collocations It will be clear that phrases such as cats and dogs, one’s eyes out, a blue streak and in his teeth have to be listed as lexical items in the lexicon, just like words and morphemes. Some more examples of collocations above the word level, not being intensifies: (36) a. The devil [alone] knows who did this, b.

F. *Go to hell, alas! Other collocations, such as negative polarity items, may tend to cluster together for rhetorical reasons (Hoeksema 1992b). 22 But for large classes of collocations, such as fixed combinations of verbs and prepositions or intensifiers and verbs, no pragmatic constraints seem to exist. The conclusions from this section may be summarized as follows. It is impossible to formulate constraints on all collocations in terms of syntactic, semantic or pragmatic categories. In collocation, hardly anything seems to be excluded for any principled reason, although certain members of categories occur much more often in collocations than others.

Collocations of the X and Y type were shown to be governed by a mixed bag of semantic, phonological and cultural rules. The ECD approach of Mel’èuk and his co-workers is a step in the semantic direction. Semantics is also a promising and interesting field in which to look for explanations of other types of collocational behaviour. In Part II, I will argue that a semantic approach to the class of 49 This reasoning doesn’t hold for the cases discussed in footnote 31. 50 Historically stone+blind used to be a collocation too (OED).

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