Urban Planning Development

National-Level Spatial Planning in Democratic Countries: An by Rachelle Alterman

By Rachelle Alterman

National-level spatial making plans in democratic international locations has been all yet missed by way of researchers in city and nearby making plans because the reconstruction years following global struggle II. Being synonymous for plenty of with repressive regimes and coercive govt practices, national-level making plans additionally fell into a few disrepute. a suite of specifically commissioned papers from best researchers has produced this tough and complete learn of present national-level making plans in ten nations of the built global. tough universal assumptions, this comparative overseas learn unearths that there appears to be like a modest development wherein, at the threshold of the twenty first century, national-level making plans has grown in value in democratic, advanced-economy international locations.

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Extra resources for National-Level Spatial Planning in Democratic Countries: An International Comparison of City and Regional Policy-Making

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But the most telling test should be regarding the countries in the ‘haves’ category—the Netherlands, Japan and Israel. Even in these countries, the desirable degree of national planning is no longer a prominent issue of party debate. But this fact is apparently not mutually known. Assuming (as I too had done before undertaking this analysis) that party-political debate about national planning still occupies a major position in other countries, Tanimura and Edgington present Japan as an exception, noting that its extensive degree of national planning has been supported by all governments, and has never become a party-political issue.

And finally, an even more fascinating paradigm may be emerging from the Netherlands, with a twist. Mastop (1998) and Priemus (1998) tell us of the alignment for the preparation of the new 2030 plan. Behold: the four major sectoral ministries, each of which has traditionally prepared its own sectoral plan, are on the verge of espousing a new role. The four ministries are Economic Affairs; Transport and Public Works; Water Management and Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries; and Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment.

TRENDS RELATED TO NATIONAL POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONTEXTS The state of planning at any level has always been linked to the state of government, and changes in ideological views regarding government intervention and styles of governing have always influenced planning. This linkage is even sharper where national-level planning is concerned. Two important trends emerge from the country reports that herald the promise of a new relationship between attitudes to government intervention and to national-level planning.

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