International Business

Multinationals And Industrial Competitiveness: A New Agenda by John H. Dunning

By John H. Dunning

This e-book bargains a major contribution to the modern debate at the function of firm corporations (MNEs) in fiscal improvement in an more and more globalizing, knowledge-intensive and alliance-based international economic climate. all of the chapters touches upon serious concerns now dealing with the worldwide economic climate. in addition they deal with the transforming into value of cutting edge actions of enterprises in selling monetary improvement and business restructuring, in addition to the function of FDI and cooperative agreements in furthering this target. Emphasis is put on the more and more major position of nationwide governments in selling the highbrow capital in their indigenous assets and services, and of inter-firm collaborative alliances. Globalization and technological advances are reconfiguring the materials of the competitiveness of companies and state states. they're emphasizing the more and more vital position of either deepest and social associations as determinants of the luck of organizations and of the commercial improvement of societies. overlaying quite a number matters from fiscal improvement, alliance capitalism, govt rules, neighborhood integration and commercial improvement, this authoritative ebook will enormously entice lecturers and economists, specially these drawn to foreign enterprise and administration.

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Central among these have been a series of spectacular advances in information and computer technologies (ICTs), which some scholars believe are initiating a new technological paradigm around which a new Kondratieff cycle of economic change will cluster (Freeman, 1987; Freeman and Perez, 1988). ICTs have dramatically shrunk the economic distance between countries, and have facilitated a series of generic productivity improvements. Needless to say, their rapid development over the past two decades has further enhanced the process of globalization, of both countries and firms.

Moreover, since TNCs are at the forefront of innovation, their presence provides an effective means of keeping up with technical progress. Their established brand names, global marketing presence and international flows of information all add to their technological advantages. Indeed, the use of MNEs as a source of technology, information and human resource development has been a primary strategy of many NICs, although some countries (for example, Korea) have preferred to use market and quasi-market mechanisms such as licensing, joint ventures and turnkey projects to obtain such assets, while others, such as Taiwan, have encouraged MNEs to engage in FDI (Lall, 1996; van Hoesel, 1999).

The improvement of relatively immobile L advantages is the only feasible means of maintaining a sustainable FDI-assisted development strategy. This can be done by optimizing the intra-country spatial distribution of economic activity, and by encouraging agglomeration of related activity to attract mobile investment. MNEs, in turn, are also looking for specialized locations that provide particular kinds of scarce assets to advance their own competitiveness. This chapter is organized as follows. The following section places this chapter in context, by examining the need for and plausibility of different frameworks for different groups of countries.

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