By John Lie
Multiethnic Japan demanding situations the acquired view of jap society as ethnically homogeneous. using a big selection of arguments and evidence--historical and comparative, interviews and observations, excessive literature and well known culture--John Lie recasts glossy Japan as a completely multiethnic society.
Lie casts mild on quite a lot of minority teams in smooth jap society, together with the Ainu, Burakumin (descendants of premodern outcasts), chinese language, Koreans, and Okinawans. In so doing, he depicts the trajectory of contemporary jap identity.
Surprisingly, Lie argues that the assumption in a monoethnic Japan is a post–World struggle II phenomenon, and he explores the formation of the monoethnic ideology. He additionally makes a common argument in regards to the nature of nationwide id, delving into the mechanisms of social category, signification, and identity.
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Additional resources for Multiethnic Japan
Aspirations for security, material possessions, and regular hours have been realized not only by the salary man, but by most of the population of Japan. ” In other words, the salary man, or middle-strata, status became normative in postwar Japan (Vogel 1971:267). The ideal penetrated the countryside as well: “In some rural communities, farmers now turn over their income to the co-operative, draw it out in the form of ‘sarari’ (salary) and proudly claim that they are just like salary men” (Vogel 1971:267–268).
In this regard, the competitive examination system underscored meritocracy—a career as sararÂman—that superseded the hereditary and entrenched elite. There is a continuity from the prewar period in the Japanese 32 Multiethnic Japan ideology of self-reliance and success (risshin shusse), in which school was the principal institutional route of upward mobility (Kinmonth 1981:331– 339). The putatively objective nature of entrance examinations underscored the meritocratic educational and employment system.
In fact, he had no choice but to hire them. In the Tsukiji Fish Market—the principal market for sea food in Tokyo—several wholesalers noted that the place would not function without foreigners. One-fourth of Tokyo newspaper delivery people were said to be non-Japanese. The new foreign workers did not form a homogeneous group. Ethnic diversity characteristic of immigrant labor populations in most societies was true for Japan as well (Castles and Kosack 1985:3–6). In 1990 the highest numbers were from the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, China, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Bangladesh.