By John T. Jensen
A self-contained and vigorous textual content ready according to a perceived desire for an updated creation to the sphere of morphology in the framework of generative grammar. the cloth is gifted within the framework of the lexicalist speculation of Chomsky (1970), but in addition taking within the more moderen improvement of lexicalist phonology and morphology within the works of Paul Kiparsky and others. different methods are well-known, however the use of 1 unified, constant thought driven to its restrict makes for a greater pupil textual content. every one bankruptcy features a checklist of phrases, of additional studying, and a couple of workouts. the quantity is finished through an index.
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Additional resources for Morphology: Word Structure in Generative Grammar
Principle 6 specifically excludes the element -er from morphemic status in hammer, ladder, otter, badger, under, linger, and bitter (examples from Nida 1949, 60; other examples include udder and rudder). In these examples, the elements with which this -er occurs, namely hamm-, ladd-, ott- etc. occur only in combination with -er. A second type of recurring element that is specifically excluded from morphemic status by Principle 6 goes by the name phonetic symbolism. Nida (1949, 61) gives this example.
No such analysis can ever be final, because new data generally force us to revise our analysis or even change it altogether. Since the problems we consider here are artificially limited, there is usually one "right" solution, but this solution may not remain correct when new data are examined. In analyzing words into morphemes in a language we know, we often easily discover the separate parts because we can recall similar words with which to compare the words under analysis. In working with an unfamiliar language, it is necessary to have a group of similar forms to compare and from which to extract the recurring parts.
Czech. ) T 'you' 'he' 'have' 'know' 'pick' 'get up' 'listen to' mam znám trhám más znás zná trhás trhá vstávám vstávás poslouchám poslouchás vstává poslouchá 'we' ma máme známe trháme vstáváme posloucháme 'you (pl)' mate znáte trháte vstáváte posloucháte 'they' májí znájí trhájí vstávájí poslouchájí 41 MORPHEMES Problem 2-6. Estonian. ) slept' magavad 'they sleep' magasid 'they slept' Problem 2-7. Vogul (Northwestern Siberia). ) 'cradle' nominative locative lative ablative translative instrumental singular dual plural 42 MORPHOLOGY Problem 2-8.