Montessori: The Science behind the Genius by Angeline Stoll Lillard

By Angeline Stoll Lillard

Conventional American education is in consistent main issue since it relies on negative versions for children's studying: the varsity as a manufacturing unit and the kid as a clean slate. tuition reforms again and again fail by means of no longer studying from the shortcomings of those models.

100 years in the past, Maria Montessori, the 1st woman surgeon in Italy, devised a really diverse approach to instructing teenagers, in keeping with her observations of the way they certainly examine. Does Montessori schooling supply a doable replacement to standard education? Do Dr. Montessori's theories and practices withstand the scrutiny of modern day developmental psychology? Can developmental psychology let us know something approximately how and why Montessori tools work?

In Montessori, now with a foreword via Renilde Montessori, the youngest grandchild of Maria Montessori, Angeline Stoll Lillard indicates that technology has eventually stuck up with Maria Montessori. Lillard offers the study pertaining to 8 insights which are foundations of Montessori schooling, describing how each one of those insights is utilized within the Montessori school room. In examining this publication, mom and dad and lecturers alike will improve a transparent knowing of what occurs in a Montessori school room and, extra vital, why it occurs and why it really works. Lillard, even though, does even more than clarify the medical foundation for Montessori's process: Amid the clamor for evidence-based schooling, she provides the reports that exhibit how young ones study most sensible, makes transparent why many conventional practices arise brief, and describes an inventive substitute that works. every person drawn to schooling, in any respect degrees and in all varieties, will take from this ebook a wealth of insights. Montessori is critical analyzing for an individual attracted to what psychologists learn about human studying and improvement, and the way to take advantage of it to enhance instructing effectiveness.

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Dr. Montessori had a different reaction. Rather than marveling at what the mentally retarded children had done, she instead marveled at the fact that normal children were not doing better on such tests, given their obvious advantages. Then, as the famous Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1970) described it, “generalizing her dis- an answer to the crisis in education 17 coveries with unparalleled mastery, Mme Montessori . . immediately applied to normal children what she had learned from backward ones: during its earliest stages the child learns more by action than through thought [, leading her to develop] a general method whose repercussions throughout the entire world have been incalculable” (pp.

1999). , 2004). In these and other ways Dr. Montessori was clearly well ahead of her time. A natural question at this point is whether the educational system she developed incorporating such insights has outcomes that are superior to those of traditional schools. Research on Montessori Outcomes The majority of published work on Montessori shows positive outcomes; however, like most fieldwork on education outcomes, the findings must be taken with a grain of salt because of methodological shortcomings.

The exercise of lifting the cylinders out, mixing them up, and then returning them to their appropriate holes was designed primarily to educate the child’s intelligence by engaging the child in an activity requiring that he or she observe, compare, reason, and decide (Montessori, 1914/1965). Focusing on dimension with this exercise also prepares the child for math, and the work enhances the child’s powers of observation and concentration. But the addition of the knobs allowed the material to confer two additional benefits geared toward writing: strengthening the finger and thumb muscles and developing the coordination needed for holding a pencil.

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