Men of Empire: Power and Negotiation in Venice's Maritime by Monique O'Connell

By Monique O'Connell

The city-state of Venice, with a inhabitants of under 100,000, ruled a fragmented and fragile empire on the boundary among East and West, among Latin Christian, Greek Orthodox, and Muslim worlds. during this institutional and administrative heritage, Monique O'Connell explains the buildings, methods, practices, and legislation in which Venice maintained its huge in a foreign country holdings.The felony, linguistic, spiritual, and cultural variety inside of Venice's empire made it tricky to impose any centralization or harmony between its disparate territories. O'Connell has mined the sizeable archival assets to provide an explanation for how Venice's vital govt used to be in a position to administer and govern its vast empire. O'Connell reveals that winning governance depended seriously at the adventure of governors, an interlocking community of noble households, who have been despatched abroad to barter the customarily conflicting calls for of Venice's governing council and the neighborhood populations. during this nexus of kingdom strength and private effect, those imperial directors performed a very important function in representing the country as a hegemonic energy; growing patronage and relations connections among Venetian patricians and their matters; and utilizing the judicial procedure to barter a stability among neighborhood and imperial interests.In explaining the associations and contributors that authorized this kind of negotiation, O'Connell deals a historic instance of an early sleek empire on the peak of imperial growth. (April 2010)

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Additional info for Men of Empire: Power and Negotiation in Venice's Maritime State (The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science)

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The 1358 loss of Dalmatia, for instance, corresponds with the drop in maritime offices available in the second half of the fourteenth century, while the number of Venetian-held territories and the number of positions regularly available both expanded over the course of the fifteenth century. 10 This is the case for maritime offices as well: more experienced and prominent patricians held the most important offices in the maritime state, while lesser positions went to a much wider circle of candidates.

By 1392 all of the Serbian kingdom was under Ottoman suzerainty, and there were Ottoman incursions into Durazzo’s territory in 1391. Durazzo’s lord, Carlo Thopia, was ill and unable to organize the city’s defense. Venice, seeing the danger of an Ottoman foothold in the lower Adriatic and an opportunity for its own expansion, moved quickly. 38 Venice also sent Giovanni Capello, the vice-captain of the Gulf, to take over the city’s sea-tower, charging him with the delicate mission of assessing the local situation and encouraging the local inhabitants to pledge their loyalty to Venice.

These governors were assisted militarily by a castellan, a captain of the town, or at times both; the castellan could take on the function of treasurer as well. 15 The smallest regimes, consisting of one, or at the most two, Venetian officials, comprised a third tier of maritime offices. 16 These less important offices had smaller salaries and a more constricted area of responsibility and they were filled by a rotating cadre of less experienced patricians. Subordinate offices in larger regimes—jobs as counselors, castellans, treasurers, or captains of the town—also tended to be filled by patricians with less political experience.

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