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Materials Science with Ion Beams by R. S. Averback, P. Bellon (auth.), Harry Bernas (eds.)

By R. S. Averback, P. Bellon (auth.), Harry Bernas (eds.)

This ebook introduces fabrics scientists and architects, physicists and chemists to the homes of fabrics that may be transformed by way of ion irradiation or implantation. those strategies can assist layout new fabrics or to check converted homes; novel functions already exhibit that ion-beam options are complementary to others, yielding formerly impossible houses. additionally, ion-beam interactions alter fabrics on the nanoscale, warding off the usually unsafe result of lithographic or chemical strategies. right here, the results are on the topic of better-known quasi-equilibrium thermodynamics, and the results to fabrics are mentioned with ideas which are primary to fabrics technological know-how. Examples addressed problem semiconductor physics, crystal and nanocluster development, optics, magnetism, and purposes to geology and biology.

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If we assume that similar mechanisms control amorphization, the data shown in Fig. 13 follow directly, but see [50] for details. 4 Phase Transformations: Effective Temperature Model Sustained irradiation can lead to the dynamical stabilization of nonequilibrium phases at steady state, as illustrated in Sect. 3. In order to assess the radiation resistance of materials, for instance in nuclear reactors or in matrices for radioactive waste immobilization, it is of high practical interest to be able to rationalize or even predict the phases eventually stabilized by a given irradiation environment.

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