By Elyssa Faison
On the flip of the 20 th century, Japan launched into a venture to modernize its society and undefined. For the 1st time, younger eastern ladies have been persuaded to go away their households and input the manufacturing facility. Managing girls focuses on Japan's interwar cloth undefined, analyzing how manufacturing unit managers, social reformers, and the kingdom created visions of a particularly jap femininity. Faison unearths that woman manufacturing facility employees have been built as "women" instead of as "workers" and that this womanly excellent used to be used to boost labor-management practices, inculcate ethical and civic values, and strengthen a method for holding union actions and moves. In an built-in research of gender ideology and ideologies of nationalism and ethnicity, Faison exhibits how this discourse on women's salary paintings either produced and mirrored anxieties approximately women's social roles in glossy Japan.
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Additional resources for Managing Women: Disciplining Labor in Modern Japan
29 The problem of literacy was fraught with hidden dangers for managers who on the one hand disseminated both factory regulations and the values of ﬁlial piety and womanly virtue through company newsletters and brochures, but on the other hand recognized the tremendous power of women’s magazines aimed at a mass audience to inﬂuence the desires and aspirations of their employees. ” Another participant summed up the group’s arguments thus: “Women generally believe everything they read in women’s magazines, and don’t know how to take it critically.
In his 1915 Shokko yugu ron (On the Good Treatment of Factory Workers), Uno argued that as a late-developing nation Japan had mostly factory workers who were single, young girls from the countryside and who were forced by their circumstances to live a collective, unfamily-like life in factory dormitories. But these potential negatives were related for Uno to two major advantages in the Japanese system. First, he argued that even amid industrialization and development, the loyalty and pliability inherent in the Japanese national essence (kokuminsei) had remained unchanged.
As part of a new emphasis on the scientiﬁc management of workers and their physical ﬁtness, calisthenics programs were introduced, speciﬁcally tailored to the needs of factory women. Not all of the reactions to the ban on night work, however, were based on a sense of opportunity. Factory managers charged with protecting the chastity of the employees they sometimes referred to as “daughters” feared most of all that free time would lead to sexual depravity, and thus the breaking of the company’s compact with parents who had put their girls in the company’s care.