Nonfiction 14

Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells: Cases of by Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng

By Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng

Gasoline mobilephone know-how has attracted nice curiosity in fresh a long time. in spite of the fact that, development in lignocellulosic biomass-energized gasoline cells has been gradual. for the reason that that lignocellulosic biomass normally can't be at once used for electrical energy new release in a gas mobile with excessive potency. As a renewable source comes in huge amounts in lots of areas of the realm, lignocellulosic biomass could be a promising feedstock for sustainable electrical energy construction utilizing gas phone applied sciences. during this monograph, we specialize in the electrical energy new release in gasoline cells which are operated at excessive temperatures with excessive potency utilizing lignocellulosic biomass-derived fuels. extra particularly, we mentioned biomass conversion coupled sturdy oxide gasoline mobile and direct carbon gasoline telephone. The state-of-the-art in know-how improvement, in addition to demanding situations, is printed and views on destiny improvement are supplied

Show description

Read or Download Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells: Cases of High-Temperature Conversion PDF

Similar nonfiction_14 books

Defoe’s Review 1704-13, Volume 9

Defoe's evaluate performed an important function within the delivery of the fashionable press. It was once no longer a newspaper dealing in evidence yet a magazine of opinion and dialogue. This sequence is the 1st whole scholarly variation of the total run of Defoe's overview. it's absolutely reset and supported by means of complete editorial equipment.

Plant secondary metabolites Volume 3, Their roles in stress ecophysiology

This 3rd e-book within the three-volume Plant Secondary Metabolites examines the connection among environmental rigidity and the body structure of crops, resulting in stimulation of secondary metabolites. numerous stressors are mentioned, together with plant and soil interfaces, altering weather parts, crucial plant meals, pest bugs, plant pathogens and microrganisms, and extra.

Knowledge Building and Regulation in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

This publication proposes and validates a data movement method of studying wisdom co-construction and predicting team functionality within the context of collaborative studying. moreover, it highlights the significance of socially shared rules in collaborative studying, and illustrates intimately the way it should be analyzed and promoted.

Extra resources for Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells: Cases of High-Temperature Conversion

Sample text

Slow pyrolysis, with heating rate of generally less than 10°C min−1 to over 400°C, can obtain charcoal yield of approximately 30 percent, or as high as 51 percent [212]. 4). Pure c­ ellulose generally results in the lowest biochar yield, while lignin results in the highest biochar yield. Increasing pyrolysis pressure to 1 MPa can ­substantially increase biochar yield [213]. Woody biomass typically results in greater char yields than those derived from herbaceous ­feedstock because of their higher lignin content.

The advantages of hydroxide electrolyte are its high electrical (ionic) ­conductivity, high ­electrochemical activity of carbon, lower operation temperatures, and ability to use less-expensive materials for cell ­fabrication [172]. ­However, the drawback is the chemical instability of the electrolyte because of the reaction with anode product CO2 (2OH− + CO2 = CO32− + H2O) or ­electrochemical reaction of carbon with hydroxide (C + 6OH− = CO32− 24 • LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS-ENERGIZED FUEL CELLS + 3H2O + 4e−), resulting in hydroxide to carbonate conversion, which reduced cell performance and life time [170, 173].

Traversa. 2002. ” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 6, no. 5, pp. 433–55. , W. Lee, Y. Shi, and A. Ghoniem. 2014. ” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 40, pp. 74–111. , S. Giddey, C. Munnings, and A. Kulkarni. 2014. ” Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society 50, pp. 23–37. 201531316 [19] Minh, N. 2004. ” Solid State Ionics 174, no. 1–4, pp. 271–77. doi. , J. Nease, D. Tucker, and P. Barton. 2013. ” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 52, no. 9, pp. 3089–111. , X. Li, S. Lai, K.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.69 of 5 – based on 26 votes