Grammar

Lexicalization and language change by Laurel J. Brinton

By Laurel J. Brinton

Lexicalization, a strategy of language swap, has been conceptualized in quite a few methods. generally outlined because the adoption of thoughts into the lexicon, it's been seen via syntacticians because the opposite technique of grammaticalization, by way of morphologists as a regimen technique of word-formation, and via semanticists because the improvement of concrete meanings. during this updated survey, Laurel Brinton and Elizabeth Traugott learn many of the conceptualizations of lexicalization which have been provided within the literature, and suggest a brand new, unified version of lexicalization in mild of present paintings on grammaticalization.

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In Chapter 4 we will argue that word formation and lexicalization should be treated as separate phenomena. , blackboard, wallpaper. After unification, the parts are no longer fully independent; for example, in black þ board (Adj þ N) > blackboard (N), there is stress shift to the first syllable and loss of semantic motivation (blackboards may be black, blue, green or brown, not, however, white). For inflected languages, it is preferable to think of the combination of roots or stems rather than words (where ‘‘root’’ is a form that carries primary lexical meaning and cannot be analyzed further, and ‘‘stem’’ is a lexical form minus inflectional morphology).

Exercise is really beneficial, I think. (based on Thompson and Mulac 1991:313) They see a direct correlation between frequency/ first person subjects/ thatless complements and the grammaticalization of the forms. In (4b, c) I think has undergone decategorialization from a complement-taking noun þ verb Grammaticalization 23 sequence into a kind of unitary particle with different distributional properties. There is a reversal of the matrix clause/complement clause structure, the original complement clause being reanalyzed as the matrix clause and the original matrix clause now serving as a parenthetical disjunct.

In Spanish, La botella entro´ flotando en la cueva ‘The bottle entered floating to the cave’ is the default: motion and Path are conflated (entro´) while manner (flotando) is profiled. ’’ These differences have been shown to have a large number of consequences for style in narrative and other kinds of discourse. For example, it is hypothesized that speakers of satellite-framed languages pay more attention to dynamic activities along a path in narrative, whereas speakers of verb-framed languages pay more attention to static descriptions (Berman and Slobin 1994).

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