Grammar

Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 1, by Timothy Shopen

By Timothy Shopen

This special three-volume survey brings jointly a group of best students to discover the syntactic and morphological constructions of the world's languages. transparent and broad-ranging, it covers subject matters resembling parts-of-speech, passives, complementation, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, inflectional morphology, stressful, point, temper, and deixis. The members examine the key ways in which those notions are discovered, and supply informative sketches of them at paintings in various languages. quantity 1 covers the parts-of-speech structures, observe order, noun words, clause varieties, speech act differences, passives, and data packaging within the clause.

Show description

Read Online or Download Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 1, Clause Structure PDF

Best grammar books

English Grammar Essentials For Dummies (Australian Edition)

The thrill and straightforward technique to research crucial grammar ideas, universal utilization error, and different key thoughts within the English language

Understanding the foundations of English is essential to being an efficient communicator—at paintings, in class, or wherever else. if you happen to fight with the rules—and who hasn't? —English Grammar necessities For Dummies, Australian variation is the e-book for you. protecting simply the fundamentals you would like, the booklet boils the foundations of grammar all the way down to the center ideas that would make you a greater communicator in any and each element of your lifestyles.

• perfect for college students, activity hunters, grownup novices, those that communicate English as a moment language, and a person who desires to make a very good impression
• Covers the very important necessities wanted for higher written communication
• Serves as an exceptional refresher path for pros whose basic mode of conversation is more and more digital and written

Clear and comprehensible writing should be the major to luck in nearly any expert box. With English Grammar necessities For Dummies, Australian variation, you'll grasp the fundamentals conveniently!

Timesaver Grammar activities: Elementary

A key objective of a radical English language path within the united kingdom should be to consolidate the grammar that the scholar will have already got learnt in a full of life and motivating approach. lecturers operating in extensive classes within the united kingdom may be particularly green and may be trying to find easy-to-use additional source fabric during this tough activity.

Grammatical Relations in a Radical Creole: Verb Complementation in Saramaccan

With English and Portuguese as guardian languages; the numerous lexical retention of African languages; and the relative isolation of its audio system, Saramaccan has consistently stood out between Creole languages. but regardless of its visible curiosity Saramaccan acquired little within the approach of scholarly examine. This groundbraking monograph dispels the secret surrounding Saramaccan and offers robust facts for a brand new method of Creole origins.

Non-Canonical Passives

This quantity includes a collection of papers facing buildings that experience a passive-like interpretation yet don't appear to proportion all of the homes with canonical passives. The fifteen chapters of this quantity bring up very important questions about the right characterization of the common houses of passivization and mirror the present dialogue during this sector, masking syntactic, semantic, psycho-linguistic and typological features of the phenomenon, from assorted theoretical views and in numerous language households and subsidized up normally by means of large corpora and experimental reports.

Extra resources for Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 1, Clause Structure

Example text

One might, however, wish to say that in some languages, such as Nootka and Tagalog, nouns and verbs have enough in common grammatically for there to be some question about whether to regard them as two subclasses of a single part of speech rather than two distinct parts of speech. Since this seems to be essentially a matter of terminology, it need not concern us further. 3 Adjectives While all languages appear to distinguish two open classes, nouns and verbs, only certain languages make a further distinction between these and a third open class, the class of adjectives.

Languages that have no distinct adjective class at all, either open or closed. Such languages can themselves be divided into two groups: languages in which adjectival meanings are expressed primarily by nouns (hereafter, adjectival-noun languages) and languages in which adjectival meanings are expressed primarily by verbs (hereafter, adjectival-verb languages). Parts-of-speech systems 17 In adjectival-noun languages, adjectival meanings seem in general to be expressed by nouns that designate an object (or objects) embodying a specified quality.

Sariε ‘swift’). In Tagalog, which lacks distinctive manner adverbs, the meaning equivalent of such adverbs is regularly expressed by adjectives preceded by the marker nang: nang mabilis (marker ‘quick’) ‘quickly’; nang malakas (marker ‘loud’) ‘loudly’; nang bigla (marker ‘sudden’) ‘suddenly’; etc. There are also languages in which the meaning equivalent of a manner adverb is regularly expressed by an adjective without any special marking. One such language is Trique, in which, 22 Paul Schachter and Timothy Shopen according to Robert Longacre (personal communication), the class of adjectives simply does double duty, modifying verbs as well as nouns.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.96 of 5 – based on 40 votes