Physical Medicine Rehabilitation

Information Technologies in Medicine: Rehabilitation and by Metin Akay, Andy Marsh

By Metin Akay, Andy Marsh

A finished survey of technological advancements in digital fact to be used in quite a few scientific procedures

drugs and the organic sciences have lengthy depended on visualizations to demonstrate the connection among anatomic constitution and biologic functionality. the hot multidimensional imaging modalities are strong opposite numbers to conventional types of observation-surgery, postmortem exam, or wide psychological reconstruction. VR applied sciences have reached unimagined degrees of class and software, giving physicians and scholars new avenues for making plans and working towards surgical procedure and diagnostics.

the 2 volumes of knowledge applied sciences in drugs completely discover using VR know-how in three-d visualization concepts, life like surgical education sooner than sufferer touch, and real systems in rehabilitation and therapy, together with telemedicine and telesurgery. Editors Akay and Marsh have introduced jointly all of the to be had info just about VR applied sciences in medication and scientific education to create the 1st complete advisor to the state-of-the-art in medication to be used through scholars, medical professionals, and researchers.

quantity II concentrates on VR applied sciences particularly within the region of rehabilitation and therapy and gives entire insurance of the latest developments in high-tech drugs. particular remedies include:
* VR in neuro/orthopedic rehabilitation
* VR in therapy of tension disorders
* Robot-assisted microsurgery
* VR and the vestibular system
* Maxillofacial digital surgeryContent:
Chapter 1 Neuro/Orthopedic Rehabilitation and incapacity strategies utilizing digital truth know-how (pages 1–18): Walter J. Greenleaf
Chapter 2 using digital fact expertise within the therapy of hysteria problems (pages 19–37): Brenda ok. Wiederhold and Mark D. Wiederhold
Chapter three digital fact for overall healthiness Care (pages 39–83): L. Beolchi and G. Riva
Chapter four Robot?Assisted Microsurgery improvement at JPL (pages 85–99): Hari Das, Tim Ohm, Curtis Boswell, Rob Steele and Guillermo Rodriguez
Chapter five digital fact and the Vestibular approach: a quick overview (pages 101–108): Erik Viirre, Zsolt Lorant, Mark Draper and Thomas A. Furness
Chapter 6 desktop Imagery and Multimedia thoughts for assisting Telemedicine Diagnoses (pages 109–139): Qinglian Guo, Katsunobu Muroi and Mieko Ohsuga
Chapter 7 enforcing a Picture?Achieving and communique method (PACS) and Teleradiology procedure: sensible concerns and issues (pages 141–164): Jihong Wang
Chapter eight From Engineering to surgical procedure: the cruel Realities of digital truth (pages 165–181): Robert John Stone
Chapter nine Maxillofacial digital surgical procedure from 3?D CT photos (pages 183–199): Alessandro Sarti, Roberto Gori, Alberto Bianchi, Claudio Marchetti and Claudio Lamberti

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Extra resources for Information Technologies in Medicine: Rehabilitation and Treatment, Volume II

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Cognitive and behavioral treatments of agoraphobia: clinical, behavioral and psychophysiological outcomes. J Consulting Clin Psychol 1985;53:913±925. L. G. Ost. Age at onset in di¨erent phobias. J Abnormal Psychol 1987;96:223± 239. M. S. Schwartz, et al. Biofeedback: a practitioner's guide. New York: Guilford, 1995. W. J. Magee, W. Eaton, H. U. Wittchen, et al. Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the national comorbidity survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1996; 53:159±168. M. M. North, S.

Comput Innovat Technol Comput Prof, 1995;28:27±34. 28. B. O. Rothbaum, L. Hodges, and R. Kooper. Virtual reality exposure therapy. J Psychother Pract Res 1997;6:291±296. 29. B. O. Rothbaum, L. F. Hodges, R. Kooper, et al. E¨ectiveness of computergenerated (virtual reality) graded exposure in the treatment of acrophobia. Am J Psychiatry 1995;152:626±628. 30. B. O. Rothbaum, L. F. Hodges, R. Kooper, et al. Virtual reality graded exposure in the treatment of acrophobia: a case report. Behav Ther 1995;26:547±554.

The most e¨ective behavioral treatment used for OCD is exposure and response prevention. In this treatment, the patient is exposed to situations that 30 THE USE OF VIRTUAL REALITY TECHNOLOGY normally cause compulsive behavior. The patient is then prevented from performing the associated ritual. Results from 18 studies conclude 51% of patients are symptom-free after treatment and another 39% are moderately improved (47). Two medications used to treat OCD are clomipramine and ¯uoxetine. Studies on the medications e¨ectiveness have shown mixed results, but the certainty is that relapse should be expected when medications are discontinued (48).

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