By Karen Kern
Imperial Citizen examines the intersection among Ottoman colonialism, keep an eye on of the Iraqi frontier via centralization regulations, and the impression of these rules on Ottoman citizenship legislation and at the establishment of marriage. as a way to preserve keep an eye on of the Iraqi province, the Ottomans tailored their 1869 citizenship legislation to ban marriages among Ottoman ladies and Iranian males. This prohibition was once an try and comprise the risk that the Iranian Shi’a inhabitants represented to Ottoman regulate in their Iraqi provinces. In Imperial Citizen, Kern establishes this 1869 legislation as some degree of departure for an illuminating exploration of an rising proposal of recent citizenship. She unfolds the historic context of the legislations and systematically analyzes some of the alterations it underwent, pointing to its farreaching implications all through society, rather on landowners, the army, and Sunni girls and their childrens. Kern’s interesting account bargains a useful contribution to our realizing of the Ottoman Iraqi frontier and its passage to modernity.
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Extra resources for Imperial Citizen: Marriage and Citizenship in the Ottoman Frontier Provinces of Iraq
Dahi nikahlart gerekse kendiilerden ve gerekse gayrden alsunlar batildur”; udahi bunlar kimseden miras yemek yo k tu r; and “bunlarin (ricallerin katl idiib) mallanni ve nisalanni ve evladlartmguzat-i Islam arastnda kismet //&," reproduced in Tekindag 1967, 55 (see also Melikoff 1975, 51).
Floya Anthias and Nira Yuval-Davis show five areas in which"womens status is connected to nationalism and citizenship: 1. Women biologically produce within their ethnic group, and government policies may seek to increase or limit the number of chil dren born within specific ethnic communities in order to maintain a desired ethnic dominance within the state. 2. Womens biological reproduction maintains the boundaries of their ethnic group from generation to generation. They must contract a legal marriage, within religious and social traditions, so that offspring may be considered legitimate members of the community.
In the broader society, a womans inferior status within her marriage gave her no choice in terms o f citi zenship. Her role was to maintain communal stability— politically and morally— because female domestic virtue created public virtue. While carrying out her duties, the wife supported her husband in his obligation to the community and instilled in her children loyalty to the state (Vogel 1991,67-75; Walby 1992, 82-87, and 1994, 370-81; OrloflFl993, 308-9; Judson 1996, 5). Floya Anthias and Nira Yuval-Davis show five areas in which"womens status is connected to nationalism and citizenship: 1.