By M. Kavakci Islam, Merve Kavakci, Eric Avebury
This e-book questions the 'role version' prestige of the Turkish Republic with recognize to the development of girl enterprise in a mundane context by utilizing the examine of girls with headscarves as a for instance. Turkey's dedication to modernization relies seriously on secularism which contains, between different issues, the westernization of women's appearance.
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Extra resources for Headscarf Politics in Turkey: A Postcolonial Reading
73 He responded to the needs of the larger Turkish community, not just the elite. , the call to prayer) back to Arabic as soon as he came to power. People wept on the streets when they heard, after eighteen years, the Arabic call to the five-daily prayer. Menderes opened public schools that would provide religious education, the İmam Hatip schools, winning the hearts of the religious. 75 As a result, Menderes was executed. 34 H EA DSCA RF POLITICS IN TU R K EY It was at this time that no tolerance was elicited toward symbols of Islam in public life, including başörtüsü.
Most of these women worked at the farms as unpaid family labor workers to keep their families going. Some who were more prone to the modernization project and were amenable to working outside of the private realm became the low-income blue-collar workers at factories. They had little or no formal education. Some of the young girls who were to adopt tesettür in the future pursued education up until the end of the fifth grade, where they would complete the elementary school before they adopted the tesettür.
The spaces they so far assumed alone now had to be shared with people whom they considered backward and rural. The need to distance themselves from the religious kicked in within this context. Systems of representation of modernized Turkish women and women who had tesettür became more entrenched in the popular culture at this time. 76 While the ideological clashes that explicate the quandary of başörtülü kadınlar were present in late Ottoman and early republican history, the problems that led to today’s headscarf ban find their active roots in recent history of the late 1960s.