By Paul J. Hopper
Grammaticalization refers back to the switch wherein lexical phrases and structures serve grammatical features in yes linguistic contexts and, as soon as grammaticalized, proceed to improve new grammatical services. Paul Hopper and Elizabeth Traugott synthesize study from a number of parts of linguistics during this revised creation to the topic. The e-book comprises gigantic updates on theoretical and methodological matters that experience arisen within the decade because the first version, in addition to a considerably elevated bibliography. specific realization is paid to fresh debates over directionality in switch and the position of grammaticalization in creolization. First variation Hb (1993): 0-521-36655-0 First version Pb (1993): 0-521-36684-4
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Extra info for Grammaticalization (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)
In this work a number of absolute and dependent ("impl icational") generalizations about syntax were claimed, such as a statistical correlations between verb-fi nal word order, post positions, and genitive precedi ng possessed noun in the possessive construction. Clearly, a diachronic perspective on these universals was possible; not only could changes in word order be understood typologically, but synchronic syntax and morphology could be seen as the temporary - and not necessarily stable - reflexes of ongoing shifts.
B enveniste coi ned a new word, "au x i l i ation," to re fer to this process. o m an earl ier tile/a ina), at no point in the paper did he expl icitly refer to Mei l let's work or use the term "grammatic(al)ization" or its equ i valent. That such an infl uential l i nguist as Benveniste could appear to be starting afresh in the study of the origins of grammatical categories indicates the extent to which Mei l Iet's i nsights had become submerged by twentieth-century structuralism. We have seen that grammaticali zation presents a chal lenge to approaches to language which assume di screte categories embedded in fi xed, stable systems.
If the fixing of word-order types is an example of grammaticalization through constant usage, could not al l constructions which have been called "grammatical" constructions be said to have their ulti mate ori gins in such habitual collocations? Evidently, how far we shal l be prepared to extend the notion of "grammatical ization" will be determi ned by the l i m i ts of our understanding of what it means for a construction to be "grammatical" or have a grammatical fu nction. We will suggest i n Chapter 3 that, at least at this stage in our understanding of grammatical ization, word-order changes are not to be included, although they are deeply i nterconnected with it.