Grammar

Grammar And Inference in Conversation: Identifying Clause by Michael C. Ewing

By Michael C. Ewing

This examine analyzes how morphosyntactic constructions and data circulation features are utilized by interlocutors in generating and knowing clauses in conversational Javanese, targeting the Cirebon number of the language. whereas a few clauses exhibit grammatical mechanisms used to code their constitution explicitly and redundantly, many different clauses contain few if any of those grammatical assets. those extremes mark a cline among the morphosyntactic and paratactic expression of clauses. the location is thrown into reduction by way of the frequency of unexpressed referents and conversationalists’ heavy reliance on shared event and cultural wisdom. In all instances, pragmatic inference grounded within the interactional context is vital for setting up not just the discourse features, yet certainly additionally the very constitution of clauses in conversational Javanese. This examine contributes to our figuring out of transitivity, emergent constituency, prosodic association and the co-construction of that means and constitution through conversational interlocutors.

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Additional info for Grammar And Inference in Conversation: Identifying Clause Structure in Spoken Javanese (Studies in Discourse and Grammar)

Example text

Similarly, any clause whose grammatical structure is consistent with one whose trigger is the A argument can be called an A-trigger clause and the corresponding verb morphology is the A-trigger prefix. A voice distinction of this type is common in many other Western Austronesian languages. Two different approaches have generally been taken by researchers investigating the voice systems of Western Austronesian languages. 16 (30) Grammar and Inference in Conversation There are those who treat these systems asymmetrically, as either accusativepassive or ergative-antipassive alternations, depending on which clause type is considered more basic.

Kudu dipelajari [kabé]. ’ W: [Iya]. yes kudu pelajari kab=é. ’ (114:97) But without such parallel repetition with a di- form, my research assistants still equated examples like (52) with P-trigger constructions, saying that such verbs could or should have di-, but conceding that “leaving di- off ” was not uncommon in conversation. P V (52) P: Engkoé boca kongkon mréné`=na=ng jé. ’ (151:477) While P-trigger constructions with unprefixed verbs are relatively infrequent, they are nonetheless frequent enough to be considered a viable construction type and not simply a “production error”.

12 (26) Grammar and Inference in Conversation munié konon. med Ngelayad wong mati. ’ (114:3105–3108) In this story the protagonist, who had forgotten to take her identification card when she went out, is essentially trying to work her way out of an ID check by a policemen. The quoted speaker first presents herself to the policeman as saying she is on her way to attend a funeral, using the intransitive lelayad with partial reduplication. This is then upgraded to the transitive form ngelayad, which takes the deceased as the referent of the P argument, presumably in order to strengthen the case that she should not be subjected to the ID check.

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