Grammar

Grammaire du wolof contemporain by Jean-Léopold Diouf

By Jean-Léopold Diouf

L'auteur a souhaité produire un livre de grammaire qui fasse une examine moderne du wolof basic, juste et claire. Cette grammaire peut être utile au locuteur du wolof pour éclairer l. a. connaissance de sa langue, et peut servir à toute personne désirant apprendre le wolof.

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Additional info for Grammaire du wolof contemporain

Sample text

On la-Inacc. chasser-Vect. Quand bien même une poule descendrait d'un immeuble, on ne la chasserait qu'en criant kes. Ku raxas cin Ii ? Qui laver marmite la? Qui a lavé la marmite? Lan nga raxase cin Ii ? quoi tu laver-Vect. marmite la? Avec quoi as-tu lavé la marmite? Nalo nga del ngato bi? comment tu faire gâteau le? Qu'as-tu fait du gâteau? Nalo nga dele ngato bi? Comment tu faire-Vect. gâteau le? Comment as-tu préparé le gâteau? Comparer les deux énoncés suivants: Ganaar, su doon wàcce taaxum kow sax, kes lanu koy dàqe.

Exemple: jëk/kër époux jëkkër gëmmentu gëmlmentu avoir sommeil répondre àd/du àddu Dans un mot à plusieurs syllabes où il y a une prénasale, la partie nasale de ce phonème constitue une frontière syllabique. J1] gàncax [ga: p] [cax] verdure cUIvre xànjar [xa: p][jar] [1)] devant les lettres g, k, q. se baigner sangu [SaIJ][gu] aller à pied tànku [ta:1)][ku] sanqalefi [SaIJ][xalep] petite fourmi 40 Le trait d'union On emploie le trait d'union pour couper un mot en fin de ligne ou pour indiquer que des éléments distincts constituent ensemble une seule unité lexicale.

Partons! À l'exception de nekk, les verbes à consonne finale géminée ne sont pas sujets à une élision. L'élision peut concerner la syllabe initiale d'un mot. Ce phénomène est appelé aphérèse. Exemple: siddéem > déem jujube itam > tam aUSSI gasax > sax ver de terre 35 L'élision peut aussi concerner un phonème interne d'un mot. Ce phénomène est appelé syncope. Exemple: lu tere > lu tee pOurqUOI pas abal> aal prêter Il est important de noter que dans ces exemples, la syncope ne génère pas une séquence de voyelles mais une voyelle longue.

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