Methodology

Global University Rankings: Challenges for European Higher by T. Erkkilä

By T. Erkkilä

Global college ratings explores the radical subject of worldwide college scores and their results on larger schooling in Europe. The contributions in this quantity define diversified discourses on international collage scores and discover the comparable alterations bearing on ecu better schooling regulations, disciplinary traditions and better schooling associations. the 1st worldwide college ratings have been released lower than a decade in the past, yet those coverage tools became hugely influential in shaping the techniques and institutional realities of upper schooling. The scores have portrayed eu educational associations in a various gentle. there's severe reflexivity over the figures, resulting in ideational alterations and institutional variation that take unusually comparable types in numerous ecu international locations. The contributions during this booklet seriously investigate international college scores as a coverage discourse that will appear to be instrumental to raised schooling reform all through Europe.

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Teichler, U. (2011) ‘Social Contexts and Systemic Consequences of University Rankings: A Meta-Analysis of the Ranking Literature’ in J. C. Shin, R. K. Toutkoushian and U. Teichler (eds) University Rankings: Theoretical Basis, Methodology and Impacts on Global Higher Education (Dordrecht: Springer), 55–69. Usher, A. and J. Medow (2009) ‘A Global Survey of University Rankings and League Tables’ in B. M. Kehm and B. Stensaker (eds) University Rankings, Diversity and the New Landscape of Higher Education (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers), 3–18.

The results classify a study program in a given higher education institution as belonging either to the top, the middle or the bottom group. The CHE also publishes a research ranking. Furthermore, the 28 • • • • • • History, Concepts and International Developments effects of the Excellence Initiative have led to a steeper stratification of the German university landscape. The Irish newspaper The Sunday Times ranks Irish universities according to a mix of criteria ranging from secondary school examination scores to graduation rates as well as athletics and sports facilities.

This leads to a gradual concentration of research which can currently be observed more clearly at the national level. Whether we will end up with what a colleague once called ‘research free zones’ must remain an open question for now. Many experts have argued that concentration is better because of economies of scale, that is, more efficient and cost effective and achieving critical mass more easily. But will concentration of research in a few universities while most of the others might evolve into teaching-only institutions also improve overall systems performance?

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