Methodology

Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement by Achille A. Lemmi, Gianni Betti

By Achille A. Lemmi, Gianni Betti

This quantity brings jointly complicated considering at the multidimensional dimension of poverty. This contains the theoretical history, purposes to cross-sections utilizing modern eu examples, and longitudinal elements of multidimensional fuzzy poverty research that pay specific cognizance to the transitory, or impermanent, stipulations that regularly take place in the course of transitions to marketplace economies. The study is up to date and overseas.

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Additional info for Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement (Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being)

Sample text

Here again there is more than one level of vagueness. On the one hand, there is vagueness about whether or not someone (some household) is poor at a point in time. This is addressed by the framework described above. Once this issue is settled, there is the further issue of whether that person's (household's) condition is "chronic". Since "chronic" is a vague predicate, fixing on any precise number of years (months or other time units) one must be poor to be counted as chronically poor in some dimension is arbitrary, and the vagueness of the predicate "chronic" needs to be taken into account.

In the simplest case, they took a level of income at or below which a person (or household) is judged to be definitely (income) poor, and one at or above which she (or it) is taken to be definitely not (income) poor. In between these levels, the degree of membership of the set of the poor increases in a linear way as income falls. In the multi-dimensional context, Cerioli and Zani suggested alternative measures, based on the same approach. In one variation, they suggested an ordinal ranking of levels of disadvantage for each dimension.

Cerioli and Zani explored various ways of weighting the dimensions of poverty in judging whether or not a person (or household) is definitely poor taking into account all the dimensions of poverty. e. get a score of 1 on all dimensions - to gain a score of 1 overall and to count as definitely poor overall. In their important contribution, Cheli and Lemmi (1995) criticised the arbitrary use of two critical levels which define the range of levels of income or other indicators where there is fuzziness in Cerioli and Zani's methodology.

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