By Roman Jakobson; Morris Halle
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With English and Portuguese as father or mother languages; the numerous lexical retention of African languages; and the relative isolation of its audio system, Saramaccan has continually stood out between Creole languages. but regardless of its noticeable curiosity Saramaccan bought little within the approach of scholarly learn. This groundbraking monograph dispels the secret surrounding Saramaccan and gives powerful facts for a brand new method of Creole origins.
This quantity encompasses a collection of papers facing structures that experience a passive-like interpretation yet don't appear to percentage all of the houses with canonical passives. The fifteen chapters of this quantity bring up very important questions about the right characterization of the common homes of passivization and replicate the present dialogue during this quarter, masking syntactic, semantic, psycho-linguistic and typological features of the phenomenon, from various theoretical views and in several language households and subsidized up regularly via large corpora and experimental reviews.
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Additional info for Fundamentals of Language
1 Syllable. " is this constructive model. A free by means of pauses) must contain (a sequence, separable an integral number of syllables. Obviously, the number of different is a small submultiple of the number of free number of phonemes is a small submultiple of the number of syllables, and the number of distinctive features, a submultiple of the number of phonemes. The pivotal principle of syllable structure is the contrast of successive features within the syllable. One part of the syllable stands out from the others.
Strictives deviate The mellow con- from the non-vocalic optimum embodied in the strident constrictives, namely from One and of the consonantal feature, on the one hand, the same split and of the non-vocalic feature, their on the markedly noisy pattern. other, is manifested both in PHONEMIC PATTERNING the appearance of the liquids 43 and of the strident stops. ^" Since nasality, by superimposing a clear-cut formant structure upon the consonantal pattern, brings consonants closer to vowels, and since liquids combine the consonantal with the vocalic feature, it is advantageous to range these two related classes of phonemes under a common heading of sonorants.
Uhlenbeck, 'The analysis of the phoneme in distinctive features -' S. S. and the process of hearing,' Lingua, IV (1954). Stevens and H. Da\is, Hearing (New York, 1938), p. 164. THE IDENTIFICATION OF DISTINCTIVE FEATURES to isolate the diverse subjective attributes of sound and 33 to determine the discriminatory capacity of the listeners for each of the dimensions of the stimulus. speech sounds is The expansion of diverse distinctive features in view of their The investigation to this likely to illuminate the perceptual correlates of the phenomenal autonomy.