Fundamentals of Language by Roman Jakobson; Morris Halle

By Roman Jakobson; Morris Halle

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1 Syllable. " is this constructive model. A free by means of pauses) must contain (a sequence, separable an integral number of syllables. Obviously, the number of different is a small submultiple of the number of free number of phonemes is a small submultiple of the number of syllables, and the number of distinctive features, a submultiple of the number of phonemes. The pivotal principle of syllable structure is the contrast of successive features within the syllable. One part of the syllable stands out from the others.

Strictives deviate The mellow con- from the non-vocalic optimum embodied in the strident constrictives, namely from One and of the consonantal feature, on the one hand, the same split and of the non-vocalic feature, their on the markedly noisy pattern. other, is manifested both in PHONEMIC PATTERNING the appearance of the liquids 43 and of the strident stops. ^" Since nasality, by superimposing a clear-cut formant structure upon the consonantal pattern, brings consonants closer to vowels, and since liquids combine the consonantal with the vocalic feature, it is advantageous to range these two related classes of phonemes under a common heading of sonorants.

Uhlenbeck, 'The analysis of the phoneme in distinctive features -' S. S. and the process of hearing,' Lingua, IV (1954). Stevens and H. Da\is, Hearing (New York, 1938), p. 164. THE IDENTIFICATION OF DISTINCTIVE FEATURES to isolate the diverse subjective attributes of sound and 33 to determine the discriminatory capacity of the listeners for each of the dimensions of the stimulus. speech sounds is The expansion of diverse distinctive features in view of their The investigation to this likely to illuminate the perceptual correlates of the phenomenal autonomy.

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