From Case to Adposition: The development of configurational by John Hewson

By John Hewson

Within the old improvement of many languages of the IE phylum the lack of inflectional morphology ended in the advance of a configurational syntax, the place syntactic place marked syntactic position. the 1st of those configurations used to be the adposition (preposition or postposition), which built out of the uninflected particle/preverbs within the older varieties of IE, via forming fastened words with nominal parts, a development later within the improvement of a configurational NP (article + nominal) and vice president (auxiliary + verbal). The authors persist with this evolution via virtually 4 thousand years of documentation in all twelve language households of the Indo-European phylum, noting the resemblances among the constitution of the unique IE case approach and the systemic oppositions to be present in the units of adpositions that changed it.
Quite except its theoretical analyses and recommendations which in themselves quantity to a brand new examine many conventional difficulties, this learn has a price within the accumulated shop of data on situations, and on adpositions and their utilization. there's additionally a substantial shop of etymological info that's appropriate to the outline of the systemic improvement.

Show description

Read or Download From Case to Adposition: The development of configurational syntax in Indo-European languages PDF

Best grammar books

English Grammar Essentials For Dummies (Australian Edition)

The thrill and simple solution to examine crucial grammar principles, universal utilization mistakes, and different key innovations within the English language

Understanding the foundations of English is vital to being a good communicator—at paintings, in class, or anyplace else. for those who fight with the rules—and who hasn't? —English Grammar necessities For Dummies, Australian version is the publication for you. overlaying simply the fundamentals you wish, the e-book boils the principles of grammar all the way down to the center strategies that might make you a greater communicator in any and each element of your existence.

• perfect for college kids, activity hunters, grownup inexperienced persons, those that communicate English as a moment language, and an individual who desires to make an excellent impression
• Covers the important necessities wanted for larger written communication
• Serves as a good refresher path for execs whose basic mode of conversation is more and more digital and written

Clear and comprehensible writing might be the most important to luck in virtually any specialist box. With English Grammar necessities For Dummies, Australian version, you'll grasp the fundamentals conveniently!

Timesaver Grammar activities: Elementary

A key goal of a radical English language path within the united kingdom might be to consolidate the grammar that the scholar will have already got learnt in a full of life and motivating approach. academics operating in extensive classes within the united kingdom can be rather green and should be searching for easy-to-use additional source fabric during this tough job.

Grammatical Relations in a Radical Creole: Verb Complementation in Saramaccan

With English and Portuguese as father or mother languages; the numerous lexical retention of African languages; and the relative isolation of its audio system, Saramaccan has continuously stood out between Creole languages. but regardless of its seen curiosity Saramaccan got little within the manner of scholarly research. This groundbraking monograph dispels the secret surrounding Saramaccan and offers robust proof for a brand new method of Creole origins.

Non-Canonical Passives

This quantity encompasses a choice of papers facing structures that experience a passive-like interpretation yet don't appear to percentage the entire homes with canonical passives. The fifteen chapters of this quantity bring up very important questions about the right characterization of the common houses of passivization and mirror the present dialogue during this quarter, protecting syntactic, semantic, psycho-linguistic and typological facets of the phenomenon, from various theoretical views and in numerous language households and subsidized up mostly by way of wide corpora and experimental experiences.

Extra resources for From Case to Adposition: The development of configurational syntax in Indo-European languages

Sample text

These two processes are necessarily sequential, so that the act of labelling or naming precedes the act of referring or retrieving, as in (38). NAMING REFERRING Unnamed re lere n I > LEXEME LEXEME • Named reierent In languages with articles the act of naming requires an indefinite article, and the act of referring (of using the lexeme so established), requires a definite article. In languages without articles, other definers, or word order, will be used to mark definite and indefinite reference.

3 below. Meanwhile, the evidence of Classical Greek indicates that for most prepositions the option was still open; that the preposition could be dependent upon its noun, or the noun dependent upon its preposition, the preposing of the latter indicating only the that the two elements were to be treated as a single adverbial unit. Consequently some prepositions of Ancient Greek could "govern" three different cases, even those which clashed with the meaning of the preposition; in such cases the indications are that the oblique case was the head of the prepositional phrase, as outlined in (28).

From under, to near, along by, out from, in under, etc). (28) a. παρά ν ηώ ν αψ άπονο στη σε ι ν (FROM) para nēon àps apo-nostēsein (genitive) beside ship+GEN/PL back írom=return-home+EUT/lNF "to return home, back from beside the ships" b. παρά 111. 114-115] Πριάμοιο θΰρησιν (AT) para Priámoio thúrēysin (dative) beside Priam+GEN/SG gates+FEM/DAT/PL "at Priam's gates" c. 51 ] 12 FROM CASE TO ADPOSITION IN IE LANGUAGES It is difficult to see how a single preposition meaning "beside, alongside" could possibly be used to represent (a) motion away from, (b) static location, and (c) motion towards.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.32 of 5 – based on 34 votes