By Keith L. Watson (auth.)

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**Additional resources for Foundation Science for Engineers**

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In other words, if one object exerts a force on another, then the second object exerts an equal but opposite force on the first. 1 on page 9), we can say that the earth exerts a gravitational force on an apple above its surface and the apple exerts an equal and opposite gravitational force on the earth. If the apple is released, the second law tells us that force = mapple X aapple = mearth X a earth That is to say, the apple will fall towards the earth and, at the same time, the earth will fall towards the apple though its acceleration (a earth = force/m earth ) will be infinitesimal because its mass is so large.

The atmosphere (atm), equivalent to 760 mmHg, is convenient for high pressures. 2) tells us that 760 mmHg is equivalent to 101 kPa. ) The bar is equal to 100 kPa and equivalent to 750 mmHg. Meteorologists use the millibar, which is 100 Pa. 7 lb in- 2 = 1 atm) was in common use at one time. Pressure values are occasionally expressed in terms of the height of a column of water. 6, a water column is much higher than the equivalent mercury column and this makes it easier to measure small pressures.

It also enables us to eliminate an unwanted unknown force from a calculation. 3 A 3 m uniform beam of unknown mass, pivoted in the middle, supports a weight of 800 N at one end and another of 400 N at the other. Where must a further weight of 800 N act in order to bring the system to equilibrium? 6 shows the forces involved. - !. 6 the beam). For equilibrium, the sum of the anticlockwise moments must equal the sum of the clockwise moments about any point. 7 (In fact it would not have mattered if we had assumed s to be on the wrong side of the pivot - giving the third weight a clockwise moment.