Italy

Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40 by N. Arielli

By N. Arielli

Below Mussolini's management, Fascist Italy sought to extend its impression within the center East. This booklet examines the motivations in the back of Italy's coverage, the varied tools it hired and the explanations why Italian efforts finally failed. by way of international, colonial, cultural and army policies, Fascist Italy and the center East provides a brand new and tough interpretation of the objectives and contradictions of Mussolini's Italy. It analyzes the difficult kinfolk among the ideological, political, strategic and non secular pursuits that guided the Fascist regime's dealings with this quarter and appears at how Italian regulations have been propagated and obtained via center jap societies. It additionally uncovers for the 1st time the grandiose plans that have been ready in the summertime of 1940 for Fascist territorial enlargement in Africa and the center East.

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Com - licensed to Feng Chia University - PalgraveConnect - 2011-02-21 18 Mussolini instructed Italian officials to approach the Foreign Office with a request for Italian participation in the Middle Eastern mandates, apparently with the hope of obtaining a share in the administration of Mesopotamia. Britain, however, had no intention of relinquishing any of its mandated territories. 47 As far as policy in the Middle East was concerned, the Fascist government sought to conclude the border modifications that Italy was promised when it entered the First World War, to support the independence of Middle Eastern countries from British and French domination, and to increase Italian political and commercial penetration in the region.

Formal negotiations between London and Rome regarding that frontier began in November 1933. 51 In January 1935 France ceded to Italy territory on the southern frontier of Tripolitania as well as on the Eritrean-French Somaliland border as part of an agreement between Mussolini and the French Foreign Minister, Pierre Laval. 52 *** Italy’s ambivalent approach towards the mandate system in the Middle East has produced different interpretations of its nature and purpose. 56 In fact, from 1924 onwards Italy adopted a somewhat obstructive position regarding the British Mandate in Palestine.

Com - licensed to Feng Chia University - PalgraveConnect - 2011-02-21 36 Perhaps Ciano’s memory failed him, but this description of the nearly accidental birth of Radio Bari’s broadcasts in Arabic is somewhat misleading. From the very start the station was an instrument in the regime’s wider attempt to improve its image in the Arab world. Moreover, according to Enrico Nuné, Cattan was replaced not for criticizing the British but because he and his brother used Radio Bari to attack and settle scores with Lebanese notables, much to the displeasure of the Italian Consul General in Beirut.

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