Civics Citizenship

Explaining Federalism: State, Society and Congruence in by Jan Erk

By Jan Erk

This e-book bargains with the theoretical and empirical questions of federalism within the context of 5 case reports: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany and Switzerland. The important argument is that during the long term the political associations of federalism adapt to accomplish congruence with the underlying social constitution. this modification might be within the centralist course reflecting ethno-linguistic homogeneity, or in decentralist phrases akin to ethno-linguistic heterogeneity. during this context, the quantity: fills a niche within the comparative federalism literature via reading the styles of swap and continuity in 5 federal platforms of the economic west, this can be performed by way of an in-depth empirical exam of the case reviews via a unmarried framework of study illustrates the shortcomings of new-institutionalist methods in explaining switch, highlighting the usefulness of society-based ways in learning swap and continuity in comparative politics. Explaining Federalism may be of curiosity to scholars and students of federalism, comparative govt, comparative institutional research and comparative public coverage.

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Additional resources for Explaining Federalism: State, Society and Congruence in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany and Switzerland (Routledge Series in Federal Studies)

Example text

The workings of the federal system are therefore much more unified than is the case in federations with federal societies like Canada, Belgium and Switzerland. This chapter shows that Austria’s federal system has moved in a centralist direction due to the ethno-linguistically homogeneous societal structure where divisions are nationwide rather territorial. Federalism in Austria World War I ended with Austria’s loss of most of the non-German territories of the Habsburg Empire. ”4 Consequently, a unitary state under the name of Deutschösterreich, soon to be changed to Republik Österreich, was set up in the German-speaking parts of the Habsburg Empire.

Issues like subsidies to private Catholic schools, religious instruction in public schools, and the renewal of the concordat with the Vatican were 24 Austria the roadblocks on the path to a settlement. So education, once again, was kept out of the constitution. However, in 1960 a compromise between the Church and the SPÖ (Konkordatskompromiß) opened possibilities for an agreement between the Social Democrats and the Christian Socials. A parliamentary negotiation committee between the two parties (Verhandlungsausschuss) began meeting in December 1960 to settle the question of education policy.

As the experiences of federations with federal societies suggest, territorially-based societal distinctiveness seems to be vital in instilling a principled attachment to cultural self-rule. Media Media form the second critical policy area where strong pressures for subnational competence are expected to exist in federations where federalism has strong societal roots. Along with education, media provide an important outlet for claims of societal distinctiveness. In federations with federal societies, media and education are the two most sensitive areas where substate units jealously protect their prerogatives and seek further competences.

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