Japan

Everyday Things in Premodern Japan: The Hidden Legacy of by Susan B. Hanley

By Susan B. Hanley

Japan was once the single non-Western country to industrialize prior to 1900 and its bounce into the fashionable period has inspired energetic debates between historians and social scientists. In an leading edge dialogue that posits the significance of actual overall healthiness as a key indicator of dwelling criteria, Susan B. Hanley considers way of life within the 3 centuries prime as much as the fashionable period in Japan. She concludes that folks lived far better than has been formerly understood--at degrees equivalent or better to their Western contemporaries. She is going directly to illustrate how this excessive point of actual health and wellbeing had very important effects for Japan's skill to industrialize quickly and for the relatively soft transition to a contemporary, commercial society.While others have used source of revenue degrees to finish that the japanese family used to be really negative in these centuries, Hanley examines the fabric culture--food, sanitation, housing, and transportation. How did traditional humans preserve the restricted assets to be had during this small island state? What meals made up the day-by-day nutrition and the way have been they ready? How have been human wastes disposed of? How lengthy did humans reside? Hanley solutions these kind of questions and extra in an available variety and with common comparisons with Western existence. Her equipment enable for cross-cultural comparisons among Japan and the West in addition to Japan and the remainder of Asia. they are going to be precious to an individual drawn to the consequences of modernization on everyday life.

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Canon started to feel the heat from rival competitors and the threat of third parties who could erode the profitable consumables business. What was the response of Canon to this pressure? As the following time-series analysis indicates, Canon began to tweak added value between the body and cartridge of the printer, to reduce running costs and profitability from consumables, or to add separate attractive features to the product in order to control the ability to gain profits. It was a translation of the change in the competitive dimension of the market into the change in product design.

This is the reason why 6 See, for example, Richard. N. Langlois and Paul L. Robertson, “Networks and Innovation in a Modular System: Lessons from the Microcomputer and Stereo Component Industries,” Research Policy 21 (2001): 297-313; Carliss Y. Baldwin and Kim B. ), Business Architecture: Strategic Design of Products, Organizations and Processes (in Japanese) (Yuhikaku 2001). Systems are made up of relatively independent parts and the interaction between these parts has established rules (modular).

It is suspected that the reduction of the body price was one of the major objectives during the transition from the F600 to the F200. The separate color ink tanks/heads in the F600 were simplified into all-in-one color and black ink tanks/heads (Refer to the icon change in Table 6). The change in product architecture suggests that the intent was not only to reduce the price of a printer body but also to make sure that Canon prospered in that tough competitive market. Instead of emphasizing promotional activities to sell the superior quality F-600, Canon changed the product architecture, employing a technological product development solution, to attempt to maintain its profitability.

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