By Alwin Kloekhorst
Hittite is the oldest attested Indo-European language and for that reason of paramount significance for comparative Indo-European linguistics. even if within the previous few many years our wisdom of the synchronic and historic linguistics of Hittite has profoundly elevated, those new insights haven't been systematically utilized to the full Hittite fabric. This ebook fills this hole through, for the 1st time, delivering an etymological dictionary of the complete Hittite lexicon of Indo-European beginning within which all phrases are taken care of in a coherent method. additionally, it presents an intensive description of the synchronic phonological approach of Hittite in addition to a entire examine of the Hittite historic morphology and phonology. the result's a enormous guide that might shape an quintessential software for Indo-Europeanists and Hittitologists alike.
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Extra resources for Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon
G. *-Dh2-). The existence of this last series is highly improbable, however: there is not a shred of evidence for a distinction in spelling between “-TT-” and “-DD-”, and therefore a phonetic and phonological distinction between the two cannot be proven. Moreover, Melchert does not give any evidence for the view that the long stops were voiceless and the short ones voiced. In my view, voice cannot have been a distinctive feature between the geminate spelled and the single spelled stops. If voice really was a phonological feature of one of these series, why did the Hittite scribes not use the voice-distinction available in the Akkadian syllabary?
Phonemes */a/ and */o/ (the latter ultimately merging with the reflex of PIE *o). Note that Lycian shows different reflexes of *a (namely a) and *o (namely e), which proves that at the PAnatolian level the vowels /a/ and /o/ were distinct. 1 Cuneiform script The history of the cuneiform scripts starts with the Sumerians’ desire to keep track of business transactions: around 3200 BC the first economic records and inventories were made on lumps of clay by drawing pictures of specific objects together with strokes and cones to represent numbers.
EKCP OQPQRJQPGOG S =MY? + EQPENWFG VJCV /Hw/ was already phonemic at the Proto-Anatolian stage. 43 So all PIE roots that seemingly had an initial *r-, must in fact have had either *h1r-, *h2r- or *h3r-, the regular outcomes of which in Hittite were /"r-/, /Hr-/ and /"r-/, spelled ar-, §ar- and ar-, respectively. g. Melchert 1994a: 125. 28 CHAPTER ONE verb Ɨrš-zi / arš- ‘to flow’. Here we find a distribution between the strong stem that is spelled a-ar-aš- and the weak stem that is spelled ar-aš- or ar-šº.