By Ryo Hoshina, Nobutaka Imamura (auth.), Masahiro Fujishima (eds.)
Endosymbiosis is a chief strength in eukaryotic phone evolution. that allows you to comprehend the molecular mechanisms considering this mutualistic dating, experiments to breed endosymbiosis are crucial. The ciliate "Paramecium" is a perfect host for appearing such studies.
Topics awarded during this quantity are: the origins of algal and bacterial symbionts in "Paramecium", the range of endosymbiotic micro organism, similar to "Holospora" micro organism and particularly "Chlorella" species, in addition to the an infection and upkeep processes.
The metabolic keep watch over, the legislation of circadian rhythms and photobiological points of the mutualistic organization, in addition to the killer impression of "Paramecium" and its causative brokers are additional issues discussed.
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Additional resources for Endosymbionts in Paramecium
1007/978-3-540-92677-1_2, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009 31 32 Y. Kodama and M. 5 min and chasing for various times shows that some algae acquire temporal resistance to lysosomal enzymes in the DVs. They begin to escape from the DVs by budding of the vacuole membrane at 30 min after mixing. Then each small vacuole enclosing a green alga differentiates to a perialgal vacuole (PV), which gives protection from the host lysosomal fusion, and which translocates beneath the host cell surface.
1a); the association of P. bursaria with the symbiotic Chlorella sp. is a mutual symbiosis. For instance, the host can supply algal cells with nitrogen components and CO2 (Albers and Wiessner 1985; Albers et al. 1982; Reisser 1976, 1980). Furthermore, when within the host, the host protects algae from infection of the Chlorella virus (Kawakami and Kawakami 1978; Reisser et al. 1988; Van Etten et al. 1983; Yamada et al. 2006). Also, algal carbon fixation is enhanced in the host (Kamako and Imamura 2006; see Kato and Imamura, this volume).
Trans Am Microsc Soc 94:155–178 Stoeck T, Przybos E, Schmidt HJ (1998) A combination of genetics with inter- and intra-strain crosses and RAPD-fingerprints reveals different population structures within the Paramecium aurelia complex. Eur J Protistol 34:410–420 Strüder-Kypke MC, Wright AD, Jerome CA, Lynn DH (2001) Parallel evolution of histophagy in ciliates of the genus Tetrahymena. BMC Evol Biol 1:5 Summerer M, Sonntag B, Sommaruga R (2007) An experimental test of the symbiosis specificity between the ciliate Paramecium bursaria and strains of the unicellular green alga Chlorella.