International Business

Employment and Unemployment in India: Emerging Tendencies by E T Mathew

By E T Mathew

This e-book seriously examines the rising traits in employment and unemployment within the Indian economic system through the post-reform period. utilizing the newest around of NSS information, the writer stories the effect of those structural financial reforms on: Employment iteration, just about diversified and competing sectors - rural/urban; agricultural/non-agricultural; organized/unorganized Unemployment and underemployment, when it comes to the apprehension that monetary reforms bring about lack of employment 'Casualization' of employment - that's, a trust that reforms result in bring up within the share of informal hard work Informalization of employment Feminization of employment precise within the incontrovertible fact that there is not any similar paintings at the subject, this booklet presents an outstanding association of the cloth and a lucid presentation of the dialogue and may be of huge curiosity to economists, social scientists, coverage makers, students, and scholars.

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Additional info for Employment and Unemployment in India: Emerging Tendencies During the Post-reform Period

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TRENDS IN EMPLOYMENT 39 We present below the per 1,000 distribution of the usually employed (PS+SS) according to their status of employment—self-employed, regular employees and casual labour—based on NSS rounds 1983 to 1999–2000. It is seen that in all the survey years, the self-employed were the most, and regular employees the least, frequent among the employed, regardless of gender. However, it is important to note that over the years (1983 to 1999–2000) the share of self-employment as a category of employment has fallen for all the population segments except urban males.

It is against this background that we take up a discussion on the status of employment. TRENDS IN EMPLOYMENT 39 We present below the per 1,000 distribution of the usually employed (PS+SS) according to their status of employment—self-employed, regular employees and casual labour—based on NSS rounds 1983 to 1999–2000. It is seen that in all the survey years, the self-employed were the most, and regular employees the least, frequent among the employed, regardless of gender. However, it is important to note that over the years (1983 to 1999–2000) the share of self-employment as a category of employment has fallen for all the population segments except urban males.

154 146 162 168 Casual empl. 458 471 454 453 Self empl. Urban 258 275 286 333 Female Regu. empl. 284 254 162 214 Casual empl. Source: Government of India, National Sample Survey Organisation: NSS 55th round (July 1999–June 2000), Key Results, December 2000, Table 10, p. 24. Self empl. , certain types of khadi and handloom production, village and tiny industries, and traditional services such as barbers, artisans, craftsmen and small retail outlets, at the other end. In the view of the task force on employment opportunities, selfemployment in the urban areas will remain a very important source for growth of employment in future.

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