Grammar

Dutch : a comprehensive grammar by Bruce Donaldson

By Bruce Donaldson

Content material: Pronunciation -- Spelling -- Punctuation -- situations -- Articles -- Demonstratives -- Nouns -- Pronouns -- Adjectives -- Adverbs -- Verbs -- Conjunctions -- Prepositions -- Numerals -- Er -- Negation -- Letter writing and electronic mail -- right nouns -- universal Dutch abbreviations

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2 Inclusion of the indefinite article The definite article There is only one notable instance of the indefinite article being used in Dutch where it is not used in English. g. Wat een mooi huis! What a beautiful house! Wat een dure boeken! What expensive books! 2 The definite article Het bepaald lidwoord The definite article used before singular common gender nouns is de, and het is used before neuter nouns. 1). The most common are der (genitive singular feminine, or plural), des or ’s (genitive masculine or neuter singular) and den (dative masculine and neuter singular).

Cruyff and Merckx gained fame through sport, the latter as a cyclist, the former as a footballer. Gene is also used in other contexts as a very formal sounding alternative to die: Zij wonen aan deze zijde van de rivier, de vijand aan gene. They live on this side of the river, the enemy on that (side). 4). 33 Chapter 7 Nouns Zelfstandige naamwoorden Gender Geslacht Dutch nouns belong to one of two genders, common gender and neuter. The former is an amalgamation of what were formerly masculine and feminine.

Waar is het hoofdkantoor van de Lufthansa? Where is Lufthansa’s main office? De islam is een godsdienst uit het Midden-Oosten. Islam is a Middle Eastern religion. het Christendom door de eeuwen heen Christianity through the ages (g) It is used after meneer and mevrouw when the profession (not the personal name) follows—usually a form of direct address: meneer de Voorzitter Mr Chairman mevrouw de President Madame President meneer De Kat/Hond Mr Cat/Dog (in a fairy-tale) Sprookjes van Moeder de Gans Mother Goose’s fairy-tales (h) It is used in various idioms: 30 in de stad in town naar de stad to town 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 12111 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 in de kerk in church in de gevangenis in jail aan de universiteit at university in de praktijk in practice onder de zeespiegel below sea level in het Nederlands/ Engels/Duits in Dutch/English/German etc.

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