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Dictionary of Louisiana French: As Spoken in Cajun, Creole, by Albert Valdman, Kevin J. Rottet, Barry Jean Ancelet, Richard

By Albert Valdman, Kevin J. Rottet, Barry Jean Ancelet, Richard Guidry, Thomas A. Klingler, Amanda LaFleur, Tamara Lindner, Michael D. Picone, Dominique Ryon

The Dictionary of Louisiana French (DLF) presents the richest stock of French vocabulary in Louisiana and displays exactly the speech of the interval from 1930 to the current. This dictionary describes the present utilization of French-speaking peoples within the 5 vast areas of South Louisiana: the coastal marshes, the banks of the Mississippi River, the critical sector, the north, and the western prairie. info have been accrued in the course of interviews from at the very least 5 folks in every one of twenty-four components in those areas. as well as the information accumulated from fieldwork, the dictionary comprises fabric compiled from latest lexical inventories, from texts released after 1930, and from archival recordings.The new authoritative source, the DLF not just comprises the biggest variety of phrases and expressions but in addition offers the main whole info on hand for every access. Entries contain the note within the traditional French spelling, the pronunciation (including attested variants), the a part of speech type, the English identical, and the word's use in universal words. The DLF includes a wealth of illustrative examples derived from fieldwork and textual assets and identity of the parish the place the access used to be accumulated or the resource from which it was once compiled. An English-to-Louisiana French index permits readers to determine how specific notions will be expressed in l. a. Louisiane.

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Additional info for Dictionary of Louisiana French: As Spoken in Cajun, Creole, and American Indian Communities

Example text

V. aux. cop. intr. pron. invar. tr. invar. vulg. tonic transitive usually verb, verbal auxiliary verb copular verb intransitive verb pronominal verb invariable intransitive verb transitive verb invariable transitive verb vulgar Pronunciation Guide Phonetic Symbols used in the Dictionary IPA a e ɛ i o ɔ u y ø œ ɔ̃ ɑ̃ ɛ̃ œ̃ ỹ ĩ ə æ j ɥ w b k ʃ d f g ɲ ŋ h ʒ l Transcription [taba] [taʃe] [turtrɛl] [tapi] [toro] [tɔrku] [tusaje] [tyrlyt] [turnkø] [tafjatœr] [tɔ̃be] [tɑ̃buje] [topɛ̃] [lœ̃ di] [prỹje] [opĩjɔ̃] [tə] [tær] [tojas] [tradɥir] [turnwa] [tablo] [takinri] [tirvaʃ] [tɑ̃di] [fisɛl] [figyr] [tiɲɔ̃] [tʃuflɑ̃ŋ] [haʃ] [tiraʒ] [tolerɑ̃s] Louisiana word tabac tacher tourterelle tapis taureau torcou toussailler turlutte tourne-queue tafiateur tomber tambouiller taupin lundi prunier opinion te (t’) terre toyasse traduire tournoi tableau taquinerie tire-vache tandis ficelle figure tignon tchouflangue hache tirage tolérance English equivalent ‘tobacco’ ‘to stain, spot, soil’ ‘dove’ ‘carpet, rug’ ‘bull’ ‘wryneck woodpecker’ ‘to cough’ ‘fight, loud noise’ ‘mosquito larva’ ‘drunkard’ ‘to fall’ ‘to cook’ ‘burly, large, strong man’ ‘Monday’ ‘plum tree’ ‘opinion, idea’ ‘you’ ‘earth, world’ ‘weak coffee’ ‘to translate’ ‘tournament, match’ ‘blackboard’ ‘teasing’ ‘milking-pail’ ‘while’ ‘twine, string’ ‘figure, number’ ‘turban, headscarf’ ‘small, cheap business’ ‘ax’ ‘milking (of cows)’ ‘toleration, endurance’ xxxvii xxxviii Pronunciation Guide IPA m n tʃ dʒ p r s t v z Transcription [tɔ̃m] [tɔ̃niba] [tʃarabo] [badʒo] [tape] [tarif] [tas] [tatine] [truv] [trezɔr] Louisiana word tombe tonibas tcharabo badjo taper tarif tasse tatiner trouve trésor English equivalent ‘tomb, grave’ ‘my goodness’ ‘rifle’ ‘uneducated person’ ‘to slap, strike, hit’ ‘tariff, charge, tax’ ‘cup’ ‘to dabble’ ‘discovery’ ‘treasure’ Additional sounds occurring in words of English origin IPA ɑ ɪ ʌ ɔɪ aʊ aɪ eɪ oʊ iɪ ɹ Transcription [pɑɹk] [mɪsteɪk] [blʌf] [bigbɔɪ] [blækaʊt] [blaɪn(d)] [meɪl] [broʊk] [mɪsdiɪl] [paɹti] Louisiana word park mistake bluff big boy blackout blind mail broke misdeal party Pronunciation notes We summarize here some of the salient characteristics of Louisiana French pronunciation, focusing in particular on features that distinguish it from the pronunciation of Standard French.

Relative pronoun prop. proper refl. reflexive rel. relative sing. o. t. something subj. subject xxxv xxxvi List of Abbreviations Used in the Dictionary tonic tr. usu. v. aux. cop. intr. pron. invar. tr. invar. vulg. tonic transitive usually verb, verbal auxiliary verb copular verb intransitive verb pronominal verb invariable intransitive verb transitive verb invariable transitive verb vulgar Pronunciation Guide Phonetic Symbols used in the Dictionary IPA a e ɛ i o ɔ u y ø œ ɔ̃ ɑ̃ ɛ̃ œ̃ ỹ ĩ ə æ j ɥ w b k ʃ d f g ɲ ŋ h ʒ l Transcription [taba] [taʃe] [turtrɛl] [tapi] [toro] [tɔrku] [tusaje] [tyrlyt] [turnkø] [tafjatœr] [tɔ̃be] [tɑ̃buje] [topɛ̃] [lœ̃ di] [prỹje] [opĩjɔ̃] [tə] [tær] [tojas] [tradɥir] [turnwa] [tablo] [takinri] [tirvaʃ] [tɑ̃di] [fisɛl] [figyr] [tiɲɔ̃] [tʃuflɑ̃ŋ] [haʃ] [tiraʒ] [tolerɑ̃s] Louisiana word tabac tacher tourterelle tapis taureau torcou toussailler turlutte tourne-queue tafiateur tomber tambouiller taupin lundi prunier opinion te (t’) terre toyasse traduire tournoi tableau taquinerie tire-vache tandis ficelle figure tignon tchouflangue hache tirage tolérance English equivalent ‘tobacco’ ‘to stain, spot, soil’ ‘dove’ ‘carpet, rug’ ‘bull’ ‘wryneck woodpecker’ ‘to cough’ ‘fight, loud noise’ ‘mosquito larva’ ‘drunkard’ ‘to fall’ ‘to cook’ ‘burly, large, strong man’ ‘Monday’ ‘plum tree’ ‘opinion, idea’ ‘you’ ‘earth, world’ ‘weak coffee’ ‘to translate’ ‘tournament, match’ ‘blackboard’ ‘teasing’ ‘milking-pail’ ‘while’ ‘twine, string’ ‘figure, number’ ‘turban, headscarf’ ‘small, cheap business’ ‘ax’ ‘milking (of cows)’ ‘toleration, endurance’ xxxvii xxxviii Pronunciation Guide IPA m n tʃ dʒ p r s t v z Transcription [tɔ̃m] [tɔ̃niba] [tʃarabo] [badʒo] [tape] [tarif] [tas] [tatine] [truv] [trezɔr] Louisiana word tombe tonibas tcharabo badjo taper tarif tasse tatiner trouve trésor English equivalent ‘tomb, grave’ ‘my goodness’ ‘rifle’ ‘uneducated person’ ‘to slap, strike, hit’ ‘tariff, charge, tax’ ‘cup’ ‘to dabble’ ‘discovery’ ‘treasure’ Additional sounds occurring in words of English origin IPA ɑ ɪ ʌ ɔɪ aʊ aɪ eɪ oʊ iɪ ɹ Transcription [pɑɹk] [mɪsteɪk] [blʌf] [bigbɔɪ] [blækaʊt] [blaɪn(d)] [meɪl] [broʊk] [mɪsdiɪl] [paɹti] Louisiana word park mistake bluff big boy blackout blind mail broke misdeal party Pronunciation notes We summarize here some of the salient characteristics of Louisiana French pronunciation, focusing in particular on features that distinguish it from the pronunciation of Standard French.

He bought himself a little place, there.

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