By Andrew L. Szilard (auth.), Hsu-Chun Yen, Oscar H. Ibarra (eds.)

This publication constitutes the refereed complaints of the sixteenth overseas convention on advancements in Language idea, DLT 2012, held in Taipei, Taiwan, in August 2012.

The 34 common papers awarded have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from a variety of submissions. the quantity additionally includes the papers or prolonged abstracts of four invited lectures, in addition to a distinct memorial presentation in honor of Sheng Yu. the subjects lined contain grammars, acceptors and transducers for phrases, bushes and graphs; algebraic theories of automata; algorithmic, combinatorial and algebraic homes of phrases and languages; variable size codes; symbolic dynamics; mobile automata; polyominoes and multidimensional styles; decidability questions; photograph manipulation and compression; effective textual content algorithms; relationships to cryptography, concurrency, complexity concept and common sense; bio-inspired computing; quantum computing.

**Read or Download Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings PDF**

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**Extra resources for Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings**

**Example text**

For clarity reasons, we allow the automaton to use ε transitions. It holds that κ(q) ⇒ κ(r) for each p, q such that δ(q, ε) = p. Therefore the ε transitions can be removed by replacing each such state q by the state p, without losing any of the required properties. The tuple (qs , QF , QR , δa,b , τ ) is deﬁned as follows: 1. The state set of the automaton Aa,b is a union of the (disjoint) state sets of automata Aa,ci , Aci ,b responsible for proving the existence of the (a, ci ) and (ci , b) paths where ci is the i-th vertex in the column number k+l + 1.

The automaton works on inputs of fixed length m and each computation ends either in accepting or rejecting state. Determinism vs. Nondeterminism for Two-Way Automata 31 Theorem 1. For every deterministic RAFA A with p states working on input words of size m, it is possible to construct an equivalent 2DFA A with O(mp) states. Proof. 1. For each state q ∈ Q, we will deﬁne m states of two types qi ; the counter i is used to store the current position of the head. A starts in state (qs )1 . To simulate one step of A, it moves its head to the correct position in at most m steps: δ (qi , a) = (qi−1 , −1) if i > τ (q), δ (qi , a) = (qi+1 , 1) if i < τ (q).

H. ): DLT 2012, LNCS 7410, pp. 40–49, 2012. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 Cellular Automata, the Collatz Conjecture and Powers of 3/2 2 41 Definitions Let S be a ﬁnite state set. Elements of S Z are bi-inﬁnite sequences over S, called (one-dimensional) conﬁgurations. Elements of Z are termed cells, and xi is the state of cell i in conﬁguration x ∈ S Z . A ﬁnite pattern is an element of S D for some ﬁnite domain D ⊆ Z. For any conﬁguration x ∈ S Z and cell i ∈ Z, we denote by xi+D the pattern with domain D extracted from position i in x.