Physical Medicine Rehabilitation

Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty by Arun B. Mullaji, Gautam M. Shetty (auth.)

By Arun B. Mullaji, Gautam M. Shetty (auth.)

With fast development in expertise and fabrics in overall knee arthroplasty (TKA), long term survival and serve as of the complete knee is now an increasing number of depending on restoring exact limb alignment, distinct part place and optimal soft-tissue stability. right method is vital to making sure this and is all of the extra the most important and tough to accomplish in arthritic knees with critical and intricate deformities. Correction of such knee deformities varieties a major a part of TKA for orthopedic surgeons operating in either rising and constructed nations.

Deformity Correction in overall Knee Arthroplasty fills the void that exists in treating serious and intricate knee deformities and using computer-navigation in TKA. It covers the rules of deformity correction and soft-tissue balancing in fundamental TKA in an illustrative, step-wise and algorithmic type. beginning with the preliminary key step of preoperative making plans, this e-book is going directly to particularly describe the best way to take care of forms of deformities encountered in sufferers who endure TKA - varus, valgus, flexion, high blood pressure, rotational and extra-articular deformities - in addition to the stiff knee, the risky knee, osteotomies in fundamental TKA and postoperative soreness administration and rehabilitation. This targeted how-to guide contains abundant pictures and transparent, concise textual content from authors who've played hundreds of thousands of TKAs, making it a must have reference for any healthcare professional unexpected or usually faced with this sort of procedure.

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Extra info for Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Sample text

When and How Much to Release? We follow a graduated, controlled and stepwise approach to soft-tissue release during TKA. Removal of osteophytes as the initial step considerably improves deformity and decreases the quantum of soft-tissue release required. A preliminary soft-tissue release is performed as part of exposure and following osteophyte excision. Rigid deformities may not be fully corrected with a preliminary release. Similarly, although soft-tissue release may achieve full correction of deformity, it may fail to achieve medio-lateral balance.

2007;89:1457–61. Zelle J, Janssen D, Van Eijden J, De Waal Malefijt M, Verdonschot N. Does high-flexion total knee arthroplasty promote early loosening of the femoral component? J Orthop Res. 2011;29:976–83. 2 Basic Technique of Total Knee Arthroplasty Introduction “Disclaimer” With rapid advancement in technology and materials in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), longterm survival and function of the total knee are increasingly more dependent on optimum surgical technique [1–3]. Adherence to basic surgical principles ensures a successful outcome.

Dalury DF, Pomeroy DL, Gorab RS, Adams MJ. Why are total knee arthroplasties being revised? J Arthroplasty. 2013;28(8 Suppl):120–1. 4. Mullaji AB, Marawar SV, Simha M, Jindal G. Cruciate ligaments in arthritic knees: a histologic study with radiologic correlation. J Arthroplasty. 2008;23:567–72. 5. Albert A, Forthomme JP, Vandenhooft A, Van Eeckhout P, Feoli F. Are lesions of the posterior cruciate ligament predictable before knee arthroplasty? A histological study of 434 ligaments in osteoarthritic knees.

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