By Paul G. Lewis
Custodians of position presents a brand new theoretical framework that money owed for the way kinds of towns arrive at judgements approximately residential development and financial improvement. Lewis and Neiman surveyed officers in countless numbers of California towns of all sizes and socioeconomic features to account for alterations in neighborhood improvement regulations. This e-book indicates urban governments on the heart of the motion in shaping their destinies, usually appearing as far-sighted trustees in their groups. They clarify how urban governments frequently can insulate themselves for the higher from temporary political pressures and craft coverage that builds on previous progress reviews and destiny imaginative and prescient. Findings additionally contain how stipulations at the flooring - neighborhood travel instances, housing affordability, composition of the neighborhood exertions strength - play a massive function in deciding on the technique a urban takes towards development and land use. What different types of towns are likely to aggressively pursue commercial or retail organisations? What different types of towns are likely to want housing over enterprise improvement? What motivates towns to aim to sluggish residential progress? "Custodians of position" solutions those and plenty of different questions.
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Additional info for Custodians of Place: Governing the Growth and Development of Cities (American Governance and Public Policy)
Natural increase was a consistently important component of the state’s post–World War II population growth, while migration waxed and waned in importance depending on the relative strength of its economy and that of the “sending” regions and nations. 3 Decade by decade, the state’s growth has been remarkably consistent, but while the flow of new residents remained large in terms of absolute numbers, rates of population increase became correspondingly lower, given the increasing population base; the state’s population increased by more than 50 percent in the 1940s, compared with about 15 percent in the 1990s.
And as economic units in a competitive political economy, they certainly have incentives to pursue collective goals and to attempt to advance relative to other cities. In that regard, one of the major “useful” tasks that higher levels of government have allowed cities to retain has been the regulation of land use and housing, which has typically been viewed as an expedient to promote public health and safety. 42 Thus, we feel justified in focusing on city governments as units of analysis, and on growth policy as the substantive area of concern.
These aggregate consequences of “micro” decisions can affect the physical environment. For example, the location choices of firms and families ultimately affect air quality and traffic congestion, and under some circumstances 17 18 Introduction these choices contribute to a sprawling land use pattern that can disrupt ecologically sensitive lands. Micro-level decisions can also shape broad social patterns. For example, racial and class segregation may arise from, or at least be accentuated by, the choices of homebuilders, municipal governments’ zoning, and relocating families; likewise, major disparities in the financial health of local governments may occur because the businesses and wealthy residents that can most afford to pay local taxes are not distributed evenly across jurisdictions.