By William H. Flayhart
Counterpoint to Trafalgar bargains the 1st specific account of the real land and sea crusade within the Napoleonic wars: the Anglo-Russian invasion of Naples, which avoided Napoleon from controlling the Mediterranean in the course of the warfare of the 3rd coalition. Flayhart recounts the interesting tale of the chaotic efforts of the joint British and Russian army strength throughout the invasion of southern Italy. In 1805 Napoleonic France and nice Britain have been locked in a naval duel for maritime supremacy. A British army excursion used to be despatched to the Mediterranean to maintain the independence of Naples. becoming a member of with a Russian military troop within sight, the mixed forces invaded southern Italy as a way to position allied troops among the French within the north and Naples within the south. the 2 nice convoys sporting greater than 20,000 Russian and British troops used to be too nice a prize for Napoleon to disregard, and the emperor ordered the French fleet to go into the Mediterranean and smash the troopships. the resultant conflict turned often called the conflict of Trafalgar.
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Extra resources for Counterpoint to Trafalgar: the Anglo-Russian invasion of Naples, 1805-1806
While the formal discussions were taking place at Amiens, France acquired possession of Louisiana from Spain, along with the island of Elba, and the duchy of Parma. These acquisitions substantially enhanced the French position in the New World and in northern Italy. The British were not too upset over the cession of Louisiana to France. Nothing was calculated to disturb the United States of America more than the appearance of a strong France and the disappearance of a weak Spain west of the Appalachian Mountains.
23. Gill, "Relations," 6768; A Description of Malta (1801), 4. 24. Lord Elgin to Viscount Castlereagh, Constantinople, November 30, 1802, The Correspondence, Despatches, and other Papers of Viscount Castlereagh, Second Marquess of Londonderry, Second Series, Military and Miscellaneous (London, 1851), 5: 17879. Page 9 threat to the British trade routes to India, Ceylon, and the East Indies. This was one side of the strategic vise. The steady increase of French power along the shores of the Mediterranean was slowly making it possible for Bonaparte to cut off the United Kingdom from her Mediterranean allies and from the land route to the Indies through Egypt.
Some of the members of the Knights of St. John of the Hospital fled across Europe to St. Petersburg, where they placed themselves under the protection of the Tzar. Hence, by 1801 several of the great powers were interested in Malta for a variety of reasons. In return for the British concessions, the French agreed to evacuate the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Roman States, and the Turkish province of Egypt. In all instances the concessions were nominal, or, in the case of Egypt, simply recognized the resolution of an impossible situation.