By Line Mikkelsen
This e-book is anxious with a category of copular clauses often called specificational clauses, and its relation to different kinds of copular constructions, predicational and equative clauses specifically. in keeping with facts from Danish and English, I argue that specificational clauses contain an identical middle predication constitution as predicational clauses ― one that combines a referential and a predicative expression to shape a minimum predicational unit ― yet range in how the predicational middle is discovered syntactically. Predicational copular clauses signify the canonical attention, the place the referential expression is aligned with the main widespread syntactic place, the topic place. Specificational clauses contain an strange alignment of the predicative expression with topic place. I recommend that this strange alignment is grounded in details constitution: the alignment of the fewer referential DP with the topic place serves a discourse connective functionality through letting fabric that's fairly commonplace within the discourse seem prior to fabric that's particularly unexpected within the discourse. Equative clauses are argued to be essentially varied.
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Additional resources for Copular Clauses: Specification, Predication And Equation (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
A. den bedste spiller p˚a holdet the best b. den bedste spiller p˚a holdet the best er Minna ikke. player on team-DEF is Minna not ikke er Minna. , the predicate complement has been topicalized). 91b) indicates that this is a specificational structure, which we have seen does not involve topicalization. 91a) is bad under any placement of the finite verb. Adjunct clauses Adjunct clauses do not allow topicalization either, and we thus expect predicate topicalization structures to be impossible in adjunct clauses and specificational ones to be possible (other things being equal).
E. non-clefted) copular clauses that he discusses, the evidence is hard to point to. 85) (his ex. (167), p. 271). 85) The winner of the election might have been the loser. 86) Vinderen af valget kunne have været taberen. ’ As I will discuss in more detail in the second part of the book, this example has several different readings, one of which Higgins identifies as specificational. 78). ) It is also clear from Higgins’s discussion of copular questions and their answers (1979:226–233) that he considers specificational clauses to be subject-initial.
In the latter it is not, and the reflexive goes unbound. 61) remains mysterious. 64). 63) Peter har ikke nogen hund. 64) a. *Nogen hund er ikke forsvundet. ’) b. * Nogen ulykke kommer sjældent alene. ’) In syntactic analyses of NPI licensing in English, the lack of NPIs in subject position is often attributed to a requirement that an NPI be c-commanded by 14 Danish nogen differs from English any in that nogen cannot be used as a ‘free choice item’ (Sæbø 2000:6–8; Vikner 1999a:38–40). This eliminates an alternative analysis of the data presented below—one that treats nogen as a free choice item.