By Ruud Koopmans
From foreign press insurance of the French government’s try to hinder Muslims from donning headscarves to terrorist assaults in Madrid and the U.S., questions of cultural identification and pluralism are on the middle of the world’s so much pressing occasions and debates. featuring an extraordinary wealth of empirical examine garnered in the course of ten years of a cross-cultural venture, Contested Citizenship addresses those primary matters by means of evaluating collective activities by means of migrants, xenophobes, and antiracists in Germany, Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Revealing notable cross-national changes in how immigration and variety are contended by way of varied nationwide governments, those authors locate that how citizenship is developed is the foremost variable defining the event of Europe’s immigrant populations. Contested Citizenship presents nuanced coverage ideas and demanding situations the truism that multiculturalism is usually solid for immigrants. Even in an age of ecu integration and globalization, the kingdom continues to be a severe actor in choosing what issues of view are brilliant and realistic—and legitimate—in society. Ruud Koopmans is professor of sociology at loose college, Amsterdam. Paul Statham is reader in political communications on the college of Leeds. Marco Giugni is a researcher and instructor of political technology on the college of Geneva. Florence Passy is assistant professor of political technological know-how on the college of Lausanne, Switzerland.
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Additional resources for Contested Citizenship: Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe (Social Movements, Protest and Contention)
In Germany, ethnic Germans— many of whom have never been German citizens and whose ancestors had left the territory of what is now Germany as much as eight hundred years ago—from Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Central Asia are defined constitutionally as part of the German people (deutsche Volkszugehorige). 7 This right was so unconditional that German authorities were not even allowed to refuse naturalization to German ethnics who had committed serious crimes or could be considered a threat to national security (Hailbronner and Renner 1998).
This is generally the case in Switzerland, as well as in Germany. In the latter country, however, there has been a liberalization with the new Nationality Law of 2000, which stipulates that dependence on welfare or unemployment benefits is not a hindrance for naturalization if the applicant "cannot be held personally responsible" for this situation. 4 In all five countries, there are special, less restrictive provisions for the 36 C O N F I G U R A T I O N S OF C I T I Z E N S H I P acquisition of nationality by the second generation of immigrants.
In chapter 2, we start with an overview of claims making on migration and ethnic relations in our five countries across all actors and issues. We present data on the actors involved in claims making as well as the substantive topics they address. The main theoretical issue in this chapter is to what extent national politics still matters in explaining political contention. To this end, we put the claims of theories of postnational citizenship—which assert that the nation-state has lost much of its relevance and sovereignty in the immigration and ethnic relations field—to a systematic test.