Grammar

Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument by Adele E. Goldberg

By Adele E. Goldberg

Drawing on paintings in linguistics, language acquisition, and desktop technological know-how, Adele E. Goldberg proposes that grammatical structures play a primary function within the relation among the shape and that means of easy sentences. She demonstrates that the syntactic styles linked to easy sentences are imbued with meaning—that the buildings themselves hold which means independently of the phrases in a sentence.Goldberg offers a accomplished account of the relation among verbs and structures, providing how one can relate verb and constructional which means, and to catch family members between structures and generalizations over buildings. Prototypes, body semantics, and metaphor are proven to play an important roles. moreover, Goldberg offers particular analyses of a number of structures, together with the ditransitive and the resultative buildings, revealing systematic semantic generalizations.Through a comparability with different present methods to argument constitution phenomena, this e-book narrows the space among generative and cognitive theories of language.

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Additional resources for Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure

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The genetic model: the female w ho contributes genetic material c. The nurturance model: the fem ale who nurtures and raises a child d. The marital model: the wife of the father e. The genealogical model: the closest female ancestor Lakoff argues that the concept m other normally involves a com plex model in which all of the above basic models are com bined. But he notes that oftentim es there is pressure to pick one of the m odels as criterial, the one that “ really” defines the concept, and that which model is picked varies according to circum ­ stance and individual choice: I was adopted, and I don't know who my real m other is.

These expressions are severely restricted in their use, as pointed out by Oehrle (1976). O ehrle observes that they are noticeably more felicitous as com m ands: (23) a. Hit me a hom e run. b. A lice hit me a hom e run. And, they are more acceptable when the recipient is referred to by a pronoun. H it Sally a hom e run. On the present account, we can understand these cases to be a lim ited extension o f the basic sense; we do not need to put them on a par with other ditransitive exam ples, yet we can still treat them as related to the rest o f the ditransitives.

W hile both hypotenuse and right triangle are defined relative to the same background fram e (or “ base,” according to Langacker’s term inology), the m eanings o f the term s differ in that different aspects o f the frame are profiled. The different term s can be characterized by the following Langacker-style representations: R ight T riangle H ypotenuse F ig u re 2 . 1 Fram es in the sense being used here date back to the “ schem as” of Bartlett (1932) and have been reintroduced more recently by researchers in Artificial Intelligence including M insky (1975) and Schank and Abelson (1977).

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