By Jan-Werner Müller
Constitutional Patriotism bargains a brand new idea of citizenship and civic allegiance for brand new culturally assorted liberal democracies. Rejecting traditional money owed of liberal nationalism and cosmopolitanism, Jan-Werner Mller argues for a sort of political belonging established on universalist norms, tailored for particular constitutional cultures. whilst, he provides a unique method of pondering political belonging and the preconditions of democratic legitimacy past the countryside. The publication takes the advance of the ecu Union as a case learn, yet its classes practice additionally to the USA and different elements of the area. Mller's essay begins with an enticing old account of the origins and unfold of the concept that of constitutional patriotism-the concept that political attachment should middle at the norms and values of a liberal democratic structure instead of a countrywide tradition or the "global human community." In a extra analytical half, he then proposes a severe notion of citizenship that makes room for dissent and civil disobedience whereas taking heavily a polity's desire for balance over the years. Mller's conception of constitutional patriotism responds to the demanding situations of the de facto multiculturalism of cutting-edge states--with a couple of concrete coverage implications approximately immigration and the preconditions for citizenship truly spelled out. And it asks what civic empowerment might suggest in a globalizing international.
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Extra resources for Constitutional Patriotism
The primary question here is about the democratic quality of political culture, not the defense of a democracy perpetually under threat from potential anti-democrats or those prone to neglecting the public good. According to Habermas, post-conventional, “reﬂexive” identities were most likely to emerge where national traditions had been put decisively into question and where citizens felt acutely ambivalent about afﬁrming historical continuities. A prime example was of course the Federal Republic, which, at least according to Habermas, had developed a form of patriotism focused not so much on historical identities as on rights and democratic procedures.
38 As Habermas put it, our own life is linked to the life context in which Auschwitz was possible not by contingent circumstances but intrinsically. Our form of life is connected with that of our parents and grandparents through a web of familial, local, political, and intellectual traditions that is difﬁcult to disentangle— that is, through a historical milieu that made us what and who we are today. ”40 Generations did not form part of a “contract”—yet the suffering of the victims imposed a debt of “intersubjective liability” on successive genera- 38 O N E tions—binding them together, though of course often also sometimes alienating them from one another .
Some Consequences and Peculiarities of “German” Constitutional Patriotism The purpose of Habermas’s constitutional patriotism was not so much protection as “puriﬁcation” of the public sphere and political culture more widely, as well as the promotion of universalist moral principles. It was in no sense culturally neutral, since patriotism also required a particular, highly critical attitude toward national culture. 42 Arguably it also included anger and indignation—with respect to the past, but also with regard to failures to live up to constitutional norms in the present.