By Jochen Rehbein, Christiane Hohenstein, Lukas Pietsch
During this number of conscientiously chosen papers connectivity is checked out from the vantage issues of language touch, language switch, language acquisition, multilingual conversation and similar domain names according to quite a few eu and Non-European languages. From typological and multilingual views the focal point of research is at the grammatical structure of a couple of linguistic units that interconnect devices of textual content and discourse. the quantity is geared up alongside important innovations: A normal part bargains with connectivity in language switch and language acquisition, subdivisions are dedicated to pronouns, themes and subjects, the position of finiteness in textual content and discourse, coordination and subordination and particles, adverbials and constructions. The editors’ preface introduces connectivity as an item of linguistic examine.
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Extra resources for Connectivity in Grammar and Discourse (Hamburg Studies on Multilingualism)
Hasegawa’s classification differs somewhat from Teramura’s reviewed above. The main syntactic division she draws is between nuclear coordination and nuclear subordination types. In the former, the converb and the finite motion verb are in a coordinate relation, together forming a complex nuclear (predicate). This analysis resembles Teramura’s V-V analysis in that the full verbal status of both the converb and the finite motion verb is recognized. The nuclear subordination type is similar to Teramura’s V-v analysis; hence the converb alone functions as a nuclear (predicate), with the finite verb functioning as a deictic operator.
Tabe-te-wa ik-u (keredo) eat-CON go-PRES eat-CON-TOP go-PRES (although) ‘eat (and go away)’ ‘(although) (I) eat (and go away)’ (7a’) and (7b’) are impossible forms, whereas (7c’) is a perfectly formed expression with the topic marker wa inserted between the two verbal forms. Similarly, while morphological words do not permit modification of their parts, converbs permit such modification. For example, the compound form in (8a) below does not allow its second member to undergo the honorification process, although the honorification of the whole word is possible, as in (8a”).
1 Gradual vs. instantaneous grammaticalization From the time of the Neogrammarians, the question of gradualness of historical change (phonetic or otherwise) has been controversial, the issue itself having multiple facets ranging from the actualization of change to its spread. The same issue arises with changes characterizable as grammaticalization. The pattern in Table 7 indicates that gradual loss of verbal characteristics in finite motion verbs affects different types of converb constructions.