Manufacturing

Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women’s Employment: The by Swasti Mitter (auth.), Swasti Mitter (eds.)

By Swasti Mitter (auth.), Swasti Mitter (eds.)

Drawing at the reviews of 4 significant EC international locations, this ebook files the best way computing device know-how has replaced the development of women's paintings within the production region. The 16 participants are best experts at the topic and examine how expertise has reworked employment within the garments undefined, that is nonetheless the most important enterprise of girl blue-collar employees within the EC. The individuals check the features of computerisation that fairly impact women's employment opportuni- ties: versatile hours, versatile paintings destinations and versatile specialisation. The publication additionally comprises reviews of post-Fordism and human-centred know-how, best matters within the debate in regards to the functions of man-made intelligence and computer-aided know-how. those essays spotlight a starting to be polarisation within the task marketplace and recommend education schemes which could equip girls for technical and managerial employment. it is a pioneering paintings; to date, many of the literature on girls and computerisation has focussed on place of work automation and knowledge processing. Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women's Employment makes a major contribution to the fields of expertise, employment, women's paintings, company administration and alternate union studies.

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Extra info for Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women’s Employment: The Clothing Industry in Four EC Countries: For the Directorate-General Employment, Social Affairs and Education of the European Communities, June 1990

Sample text

The project was developed in three distinct stages, over the span of three years: 1. Phases of study, research and elaboration (end of 1984 to middle of 1985) 2. Phase of involvement of women trade unionists and shop stewards (autumn 1985 to January 1986) 3. Phase of research/intervention (February 1986 to July 1986) The Phases of Research The First Phase: Research and Elaboration At a national level the three unions initially located the firms where the presence of active female shop stewards in the works committee made it possible to carry out this project.

Computers are not yet able to simulate the drape of three-dimensional fabrics, so that the scope for producing original designs directly on the screen remains severely limited. A number of companies have also brought out automatic markermaking programs, which can be used for rapid costing exercises while remaining less effective than the operator-assisted version. Manual pattern grading and lay planning are highly skilled and timeconsuming activities performed by well-paid, experienced craftspeople in most clothing firms.

Using the digitiser, the shapes of existing pattern pieces are entered into the system and house rules applied to them at a series of points to generate automatically a nest of graded patterns in a variety of sizes. Using a light-pen, the operator can then manipulate the graded pattern pieces on the screen to work out the best possible lay, while the system calculates the fabric utilisation ratios for different combinations. The finished lay is then plotted out at high speed to yield a full-size marker for manual cloth cutting, while a magnetic tape can also be generated to guide a numerically controlled cutter.

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