Methodology

Complex Human Dynamics: From Mind to Societies by Andrzej Nowak, Katarzyna Winkowska-Nowak, David Brée

By Andrzej Nowak, Katarzyna Winkowska-Nowak, David Brée

This booklet, edited and authored by means of a heavily participating community of social scientists and psychologists, recasts standard learn issues in those fields into the language of nonlinear, dynamic and intricate platforms. the purpose is to supply scientists with varied backgrounds - physics, utilized arithmetic and machine sciences - with the chance to use the instruments in their exchange to an altogether new diversity of attainable purposes. even as, this publication will function a primary reference for a brand new new release of social scientists and psychologists wishing to familiarize themselves with the recent technique and the "thinking in complexity".

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1 for a graphical representation). Neural Synchrony Correlated neural activity has been found across many topological scales and in a variety of motor, perceptual and cognitive activities both in human and animal subjects. The synchronous activity can be either evoked by the incoming stimuli 24 A. Rychwalska The Binding Problem Situation 1 Situation 2 or B. Frequency coding (activity increase) Feature detectors Time Time A. Time coding (correlated activity) Feature detectors Time Time Fig. 1 The binding problem (that is, time locked to the moment of presentation) or induced by it (not time locked, usually appearing after a time lag in the order of 100–300 ms).

The Society of Self model conceptualizes Self as a nonlinear dynamical system that, by definition, is a set of interconnected elements that evolve over time (Vallacher and Nowak 2000, p. 36). The elementary constituents of the self-system are the cognitive representations of specific pieces of self-relevant information. g. self-perceived traits, physical features, memories) and reflect the richness of individual experiences. The variety in content that they present is potentially unlimited. They all have, however, a common ‘denominator’: they all carry an evaluative signature.

In support of the study’s hypothesis, the assessment of feedback was contingent upon the level of evaluative coherence of participants’ self-view. 3 A Dynamical Systems Approach to Conceptualizing and Investigating the Self 41 Participants with a coherent self-view rated confirmatory self-relevant information as accurate and rejected disconfirmatory information as inaccurate. In contrast, individuals with incoherent self-views did not differentiate between confirmatory and disconfirmatory feedback in their accuracy ratings.

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