Urban Planning Development

Community-Based Urban Development: Evolving Urban Paradigms by Im Sik Cho, Blaž Križnik

By Im Sik Cho, Blaž Križnik

The publication compares diversified ways to city improvement in Singapore and Seoul over the last many years, via targeting group participation within the transformation of neighbourhoods and its effect at the outfitted atmosphere and communal lifestyles. Singapore and Seoul are identified for his or her speedy monetary progress and urbanisation less than a powerful keep watch over of developmental kingdom some time past. even if, those towns are at a serious crossroads of societal transformation, the place participatory and community-based city improvement is gaining significance. This new technique might be visible due to a altering dating among the nation and civil society, the place an rising partnership among either goals to beat the constraints of previous city improvement. The e-book attracts consciousness to the chances and demanding situations that those towns face whereas relocating in the direction of a extra inclusive and socially sustainable post-developmental urbanisation. by means of utilizing a comparative point of view to appreciate the evolving city paradigms in Singapore and Seoul, this targeted and well timed publication deals insights for students, pros and scholars attracted to modern Asian urbanisation and its destiny trajectories.

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Extra resources for Community-Based Urban Development: Evolving Urban Paradigms in Singapore and Seoul

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The Government of Singapore has, over the years, introduced a number of so-called grassroots organizations, in order to decentralize some of its administrative service and invoke citizen participation in the formulation and discharge of public policies. Forms of civic engagement and participation in public housing in Singapore, led by the government has been in forms of local grassroots organizations such as Residents’ Committees (RCs) and Town Councils (TCs). The earliest of such organizations is the Citizens’ Consultative Committees (CCCs), which were formed in 1965, as the umbrella grassroots organisation in a constituency in Singapore.

This highlights the high efficiency of HDB, especially in sharp contrast to the previous era when its predecessor, the Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) was in charge, up to the 1950s and early 1960s. At that time, Singapore was still plagued by old, badly degenerated, overcrowded slums, with poor sanitation and lack of hygiene (Eng and Kong 1997). Eng and Kong (1997) have pointed to earlier reports that described a typical street in Chinatown in 1954 as ‘among the most primitive in the urban areas of the world’ (Kaye 1960, p.

Void Decks In 1970, a unique design element was introduced to public housing estates to enhance community-building opportunities: the ground floor void decks. Void decks were simply devised to create an informal space for residents to meet and talk and to serve as social space and shelter. They are considered as valuable external social space in the context of Singapore public housing estates, which allows for opportunities for incidental encounters among neighbours. There are several user-specific amenities built in the void decks, such as Senior Citizens’ Corners for the elderly, kindergartens or pre-schools for young families, and Residents’ Committee centres (Fig.

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