By Gitte Kristiansen, Michel Achard, René Dirven, Francisco J. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez
"Cognitive Linguistics: present functions and destiny views" is an updated survey of modern study in Cognitive Linguistics by way of fashionable researchers. the amount brings jointly typically available syntheses and unique stories of Cognitive Linguistics strands in a large structure and is hence an asset not just to the cognitive linguistics group, but in addition to neighbouring disciplines and linguists as a rule. the quantity covers quite a lot of fields and combines extensive accessibility with a hugely particular info price. the most important positive aspects comprise: a good resource for the learn of utilized Cognitive Linguistics, some of the most renowned and quickest becoming parts in linguistics; and authoritative and targeted survey articles by way of major students within the box available to a normal viewers, but additionally characterised by means of a hugely particular details worth
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Extra resources for Cognitive Linguistics: Current Applications and Future Perspectives (Mouton Reader)
It is here in particular that the raw figures in Table 2 appear to be somewhat deceptive: yes, corpus materials are being widely used, but from the point of view of an “empirical revolution” in linguistics and the characteristics of genuinely empirical research as identified in section 1, the sophistication with which they are being analyzed could still be improved. In addition, note that the dichotomy between corpus-illustrated and more advanced forms of corpus-based linguistics obviously only defines the endpoints of a continuum.
The point is this: the procedure illustrated in the previous pages is typical of what we call empirical research, and it involves a way of thinking that we all understand – and that we all recognize as being superior to an attitude in which you would simply say: “I notice these clusters of names in my classes. I conclude that they are due to fashion”. Before you can really conclude that, you have to take a number of steps, steps of the type that we explored above. This chapter, then, is all about the position of empirical research in Cognitive Linguistics.
A second point with regard to which a more advanced form of corpus analysis may be envisaged is the interpretation of the corpus data. In a corpus-illustrated approach, the corpus data are used to restrict a process of intuitive interpretation: examples of a linguistic phenomenon (say, a construction) are retrieved from the corpus, and the set of examples is then analyzed largely intuitively. The availability of large corpora may allow for a more advanced approach. A given interpretation may be turned into a set of expectations with regard to the behavior of the entity under investigation, and these expectations may then be tested against the corpus.