By Cynthia Rosenzweig, William D. Solecki, Stephen A. Hammer, Shagun Mehrotra
City components are domestic to over part the world's humans and are on the vanguard of the weather swap factor. the necessity for a world examine attempt to set up the present figuring out of weather switch model and mitigation on the urban point is pressing. to satisfy this objective a coalition of foreign researchers - the city weather swap learn community (UCCRN) - was once shaped on the time of the C40 huge towns weather Summit in manhattan in 2007. This e-book is the 1st UCCRN overview file on weather swap and towns. The authors are all foreign specialists from a various variety of towns with various socio-economic stipulations, from either the constructing and built global. it really is helpful for mayors, urban officers and policymakers; city sustainability officials and concrete planners; and researchers, professors and complicated scholars.
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Extra info for Climate Change and Cities: First Assessment Report of the Urban Climate Change Research Network
Adaptive capacity is a function of the ability and willingness of the city stakeholders to respond to and prepare for future climate-induced stresses. In contrast to recent developments in climate change adaptation strategy action, disaster risk reduction planning developed out of much longer term efforts over the past half century in cities to provide emergency disaster response and recovery services for affected populations and economies (Blaikie et al. , 2006). Previous to this, indigenous disaster resilience techniques were used.
Rainwater capture can also be undertaken as a conservation adaptation to reduce pumped groundwater and related energy use. 5â•… City transportation systems Urban transportation comprises the facilities and services to move people and materials throughout the city and its surrounding region. Cities encompass many modes of transport, including personal vehicles traveling on surface roads and public transport via bus, rail, and airplanes (Chapter 6). Rail transit systems are often critically important in urban areas, with very large extents and high rates of passenger service.
Such strategies need to promote “co-benefits” such that they ameliorate the existing and usually unequally-distributed urban health hazards, as well as helping to reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts. This involves health programs developed in partnership with public and private organizations and agencies to guide investments and technology choices that benefit the current health of urban residents at the same time as preparing for and responding to climate change. is the extent of impervious surfaces that can exacerbate runoff (Chapter 8).