Civics Citizenship

CliffsNotes AP U.S. Government and Politics by Paul Soifer

By Paul Soifer

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*AP U.S. govt and Politics

About the book:


  • Reviews of the AP examination layout and scoring

  • Proven ideas for answering multiple-choice questions

  • Hints for tackling the essay questions

  • FAQs

Part I: topic zone Reviews

  • Covers all topic parts you can be demonstrated on

  • Constitutional foundation of U.S. executive

  • Political ideals and behaviors

  • Political events, curiosity teams, and mass media

  • Structure of government

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Sample text

The Court upheld Oregon’s “death with dignity” statute, which allows the terminally ill to end their lives, against a federal challenge in Gonzales v. Oregon (2006). In a case involving California’s Compassionate Use Act (1996), however, the Court stated in Gonzales v. Raich (2005) that a federal law banning the possession of marijuana could be enforced even when states allowed its use for medical reasons. indd 32 6/14/10 3:52 PM Federalism The powers granted to the states are scattered throughout the Constitution.

The United States under the Articles of Confederation is an example of the confederal system. ” Federalism in the Constitution The Constitution is vague in the extreme on what the nature of the relationship is between the federal government and the states, and it does not make reference to any type of local government. James Madison stated the problem succinctly in Federalist No. 45: “The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. ” As noted in the preceding chapter, what the states cannot do, the guidelines governing interstate relations, and the guarantees given the states by the federal government are rather obvious; the powers that states have are not.

This ratification process was much easier to achieve than the unanimous consent required in order to change the Articles of Confederation, and it’s significant that approval was left to state conventions rather than the state legislatures. State legislatures may well have voted against the Constitution that strengthened the federal government at the expense of the states. Supporters of the Constitution were known as Federalists. Their most persuasive spokesmen were Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, who wrote a series of articles for the New York newspapers explaining and defending the strong central government created under the Constitution.

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